rauwolfia

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Related to rauwolfias: Rauwolfia serpentina

rauwolfia

 [raw-wol´fe-ah]
1. any member of the genus Rauwolfia, tropical trees and shrubs.
2. the dried root, or extract of the dried root, of one of these plants.
rauwolfia serpenti´na the dried root of Rauwolfia serpentina, sometimes with fragments of rhizome and other parts, used as an antihypertensive agent.

Rauwolfia

(row-wūl'fē-ă, raw-, rah-),
A genus of tropical trees and shrubs (family Apocynaceae). The powdered whole root of Rauwolfia serpentina contains alkaloids that produce a sedative-antihypertensive-bradycardiac action; approximately 50% of the total activity is due to reserpine.
[L. Rauwolf, German botanist, 16th century]

Rauwolfia

/Rau·wol·fia/ (rou-wool´fe-ah) a genus of tropical trees and shrubs, including R. serpentina and over 100 other species, that provide numerous alkaloids, notably reserpine, of medical interest.

rauwolfia

/rau·wol·fia/
1. any member of the genus Rauwolfia.
2. the dried root of Rauwolfia, or an extract of it.

rauwolfia serpenti´na  the dried root of Rauwolfia serpentina; used as an antihypertensive; also used in folk medicine and Indian medicine.

rauwolfia

Herbal medicine
A plant native to India that contains reserpine, an alkaloid. Rauwolfia is antipyretic and emmenagogic; it has been used as an ayurvedic herbal medicine for depression, diarrhoea, colic in infants and hypertension. It has also been used as an antidote to snake poison. 

Toxicity
Abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, oedema, hypotension, sedation, coma, possibly death.

rauwolfia

Dried extracts from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina that contains the alkaloid RESERPINE, a sedative and tranquilizing drug that also lowers blood pressure.

rauwolfia (r·wulˑ·fē·),

n Latin name:
Rauvolfia serpentina; parts used: roots; uses: high blood pressure, snake bite, fever, dropsy, nervousness, insomnia; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, depression, suicidal tendencies, peptic ulcers, ulcerative colitis, Parkinson's disease, seizure disorders, kidney disease, amphetamines, heart medications, cardiac glycosides, CNS depressants, ephedrine, L-dopa, MAOIs. Also called
Indian snakeroot or
snakeroot.

rauwolfia, Rauvolfia

any member of the genus Rauwolfia in the plant family Apocynaceae; the dried root, or extract of the dried root, of Rauwolfia; contains reserpine; causes abdominal pain, diarrhea, jaundice, hepatitis; includes R. serpentina, R. tetraphylla (R. canescens), R. vomitoria.