rauwolfia alkaloid

rauwolfia alkaloid

Etymology: Leonhard Rauwolf, German botanist, 1535-1596
any one of more than 20 alkaloids derived from the root of a climbing shrub, Rauwolfia serpentina, indigenous to India and the surrounding area. Formerly used as an antipsychotic agent, it is today confined to the treatment of hypertension and tranquilizing alkaloid drugs such as reserpine. Numerous trademark formulations of the principal alkaloid reserpine are available.
References in periodicals archive ?
An equivalent dose of pure rauwolfia alkaloids, also known as alseroxylon extract or pure reserpine, can also be used to treat hypertension.
The Rauwolfia alkaloids extracted from the roots, leaves and seeds, medically it is important therapeutic agent both as antihypertensives and as sedatives.
All decongestants can interact adversely with monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic antidepressants, indomethacin, beta blockers, methyldopa, some general anesthetics, digitalis, antihypertensives, rauwolfia alkaloids, other central nervous system (CNS) stimulants, and possibly theophylline.