rauwolfia


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Related to rauwolfia: Rauwolfia serpentina

rauwolfia

 [raw-wol´fe-ah]
1. any member of the genus Rauwolfia, tropical trees and shrubs.
2. the dried root, or extract of the dried root, of one of these plants.
rauwolfia serpenti´na the dried root of Rauwolfia serpentina, sometimes with fragments of rhizome and other parts, used as an antihypertensive agent.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Rauwolfia

(row-wūl'fē-ă, raw-, rah-),
A genus of tropical trees and shrubs (family Apocynaceae). The powdered whole root of Rauwolfia serpentina contains alkaloids that produce a sedative-antihypertensive-bradycardiac action; approximately 50% of the total activity is due to reserpine.
[L. Rauwolf, German botanist, 16th century]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

rauwolfia

Herbal medicine
A plant native to India that contains reserpine, an alkaloid. Rauwolfia is antipyretic and emmenagogic; it has been used as an ayurvedic herbal medicine for depression, diarrhoea, colic in infants and hypertension. It has also been used as an antidote to snake poison. 

Toxicity
Abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, oedema, hypotension, sedation, coma, possibly death.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

rauwolfia

Dried extracts from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina that contains the alkaloid RESERPINE, a sedative and tranquilizing drug that also lowers blood pressure.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Rauwolfia species are very much important due to their traditional medicinal use such as insanity, scorpion bite, purgative, edema, snake sedative, antihelmintic, rheumatic pain, epilepsy, relief cough antidiarrheal and intestinal disease (Panda et al., 2012).
These natural molecules, which were the subjects of the most recent studies, include the extracts of Pao pereira and Rauwolfia vomitoria.
As familias mais representativas nos dois estagios sucessionais foram Fabaceae, Apoeynaceae e Malvaceae, mas a composicao de especies diferiram entre os estagios intermediarios e tardios: as especies com maior valor de importancia no estagio intermediario foram Myracrodruon urundeuva, Rauwolfia sellowii e Inga platyptera, enquanto Anadenanthera colubrina, Myracrodruon urundeuva e Bauhinia brevipes predominaram no tardio.
It is conducted from the above mentioned facts that the probably one branching point occurs per repeating units of the glucomannan, which constituting the non-ionic polysaccharide of Rauwolfia Serpentina Benth.
Reserpine, the indole alkaloid form of Rauwolfia, is also a depressant and lowers blood pressure.
To mention some of those new miracle drugs, there is the skin of rauwolfia root to extract 'reserpine' (the new alkaloid that has revolutionized psychiatric treatment), strophantus seeds for 'ouabain', voacanga.
All decongestants can interact adversely with monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic antidepressants, indomethacin, beta blockers, methyldopa, some general anesthetics, digitalis, antihypertensives, rauwolfia alkaloids, other central nervous system (CNS) stimulants, and possibly theophylline.
One woodland is dominated by Acacia xanthophloea (Leguminosae) and Rauwolfia caffra (Apocycnaceae), and the other is dominated by Cassipourea malosana (Rhizophoraceae), Albizia gummifera (Leguminosae), and Acacia lahai (Legumi-nosae).
John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) * uva ursi or bearberry (Arctostaphlyos uva-ursi) May aggravate drugs' side effect of swollen and tender breasts: * ginseng (Panax ginseng) * rauwolfia (Rauwolfia serpentina) propranolol HCI (Inderal) Natural licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) may increase heart rate and raise blood pressure, countering drug's effects.