rationalism


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Related to rationalism: empiricism

rationalism

A general term for the group of philosophic schools that reject received or authoritarian wisdom and dogmatic religion and hold that knowledge is to be obtained only from observation and the application of logic to data so derived. Rationalism does not necessarily exclude religious beliefs, but tends to do so.
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But if he is not first and foremost an epistemologist, it cannot be that Schepers conceives Leibniz's strong rationalism in terms of the sources of knowledge, in terms of the debate between those who hold that knowledge is built on innate ideas, on the one hand, and on the other those who hold that all knowledge derives from experience.
In its most general terms, the nineteenth-century rapprochement of legal rationalism and historicism started in the first half of the nineteenth century and assumed features attractive simultaneously to common prudential understandings and to high jurisprudence.
IN A PIVOTAL ESSAY ON THE FATE OF RAtionalism in Oakeshott's Thought" (Penn State) the late Kenneth Minogue, a longtime colleague at the London School of Economics, contrasts Oakeshott's "philosophical vocation" with his "holiday excursions into condemnation," among which Minogue numbers the 1947 critique.
Adeptly blending philosophy, history, and politics, Bennett demonstrates how the philosophical debate between empiricism and rationalism is thematized in four major works of modern drama: Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), Luigi Pirandello's Six Characters in Search of an Author (1921), Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot (1953), and Edward Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woof (1962).
As Oakeshott once observed, modern rationalism is literally "preposterous" because theoretical reflection can only occur after a practice already has made itself distinct and more or less concrete.
She reaches the general conclusion that "one of the greatest marks of distinction of Spinoza's rationalism is its emphasis upon power and capacity over the justification of belief (117).
NNA - 4/7/2012 - ASSAFIR: Berri on his position and "Hezbollah" embarrassed Mikati for rationalism and Jumblatt criticizes absurd "Intifada" Aoun: improving conditions or disolution of partnership?
finds a characteristic pattern in which individual Islamic disciplines came to be dominated by various forms of Scholastic rationalism and then were challenged by critics advocating a literalist return to the sources.
It is concluded, minimally, that those who contend that ontological realista about modality can be combined with the wholesale rejection of modal rationalism have not established their view.
Examining other modern concepts alongside it- such as rationalism and feminism--it's a enlightening look at the past world as something other than what modern progressives would call ignorant.