Across the state of Hawaii, the "rat lungworm
" parasite carried by slugs and snails has already caused more than a decade's worth of illness, a new investigation finds.
Three people visiting the islands of Hawaii between December and February were infected by the rat lungworm
parasite, the Hawaii Department of Health (DOH) said in a press release Thursday, after receiving confirmation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The island apple snail can serve as an intermediate host for the rat lungworm
nematode parasite Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Teem et al.
Concern is increasing about the spread of rat lungworm
(Angiostrongylus cantonensis), especially in the southeastern United States (1-5).
Sam was rushed to hospital where doctors told him he had been infected with rat lungworm
Angiostrongyliasis is caused by infection and migration to the brain of larvae of the parasitic nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis, or rat lungworm
. Adult A.
being the most infected with 73% testing positive for the infective larvae of rat lungworm
cantonensis, the rat lungworm
, can be found throughout Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, but its prevalence has been spreading globally and cases have been identified originating in the southwestern United States [1,2].
The parasite is called a rat lungworm
. Cases of infections are known to be rare but numbers have been rising recently.
Chapter 10 offers an updated taxonomy of the rat lungworm
. More on parasitology is covered in Chapter 11.
The rat lungworm
, Angiostrongylus cantonensis, traditionally found in the Asia-Pacific region, has been identified recently for the first time in rats in KZN at a substantial prevalence of 14%.