Effect of long-term feeding with graded levels of low glucosinolate rapeseed meal
on endocrine status of gilts and their piglets.
In this study, we found that fermentation changed the nutritional characteristics of rapeseed meal
However, heating rapeseed meal
to 145[degrees]C was shown to reduce in situ intestinal CP disappearance relative to an untreated control, while there were no negative effects on post-ruminal CP availability when meal was heated to 125[degrees]C (McKinnon et al., 1995).
Samples of rapeseed meal
, diets, feces and urine were analyzed for gross energy (GE) via adiabatic oxygen bomb calorimeter (Parr Instruments, Moline, IL, UAS).
During the fermentation process, phytate P in the plant-source protein may degrade into inorganic P (Ilyas et al., 1995), whereby the concentration of serum total P may increase in broilers fed fermented SBM (Feng et al., 2007a) and in ducks fed fermented rapeseed meal
(Xu et al., 2011).
is the byproduct remaining after rapeseed is processed and the oil is removed.
Extrusion process of rapeseed meal
for reducing glucosinolates.
Since fermentation has been shown to reduce the glucosinolate content of rapeseed meal
(Rozan et al., 1996; Adarsh and Amandeep, 2001; Vig et al., 2001), the use of solid-state fermentation may improve the nutritive value of rapeseed meal
when it is fed to poultry.
The only difference between the two diets was the use of rapeseed meal
or cottonseed meal.
GACC has also approved six Indian mills for export of rapeseed meal
Cottonseed meal (CSM), rapeseed meal
(RSM), peanut meal (PNM), rice bran, and corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) are common local by-products that can be used in pig feed in China.
Hog and poultry feeders can drastically cut their demand for U.S. soy by tapping government stocks, scaling back soymeal use in rations and using alternative feeds like sunflower or rapeseed meal