rape and sexual assault prevention

rape and sexual assault prevention

The precautions taken to decrease the chances of one's being forced to engage in unwanted sexual behaviors. In the U.S., about 700,000 to 1,000,000 sexual assaults occur each year; 75% to 85% of all sexual assaults are committed by friends, family members, or sexual partners of the victim; 95% of all sexual assaults are committed against women, the majority of whom are under 18 years old. Because of this, a crucial element in the prevention of sexual assault is the education of young men and adolescent boys about respectful sexual interactions with women. In addition, women who feel threatened, dominated, or controlled by men or boys in their home, school, or work environments should proactively seek help from sexual assault crisis services in their neighborhood.

Personal safety tips. (1) Because alcohol consumption is a related factor in many rapes, it is advisable to keep alcohol intake to a minimum, not allow another person to handle anything you are drinking, to avoid drug addition, and not allow a companion who is intoxicated into one's home. (2) As much as possible, preventive measures should be directed at remaining in a well-secured area and being close to persons who can be called for assistance day or night. (3) Emergency police and fire department telephone numbers should be kept readily available. Help should be summoned without delay if it is suspected that one's apartment or home is being illegally entered. (4) When preparing to enter a car or home, one should be constantly alert for the presence of strangers. (5) Before leaving a well-lighted and populated area, one should have the car keys in hand and ready for quick use. It is advisable to leave one arm free of packages, handbag, or other items and to carry a noise making device. (6) When driving, it is important to lock the car doors and close any open windows immediately, and stay on well-lit streets. (7) When returning home alone at night, one should enlist the assistance of a known neighbor, law enforcement officer, or friend to search the home if the door is unlocked or anything seems amiss. Once one is safely inside, the door should be locked securely. (8) If a stranger comes to the door, a security chain should be kept on and a peephole preferably used for communication until proper identification has been presented. If doubt exists about the credentials or demeanor of the stranger, admission should be refused and help summoned immediately. (9) Always walk quickly and with assurance. (10) Avoid automated teller machines at night. (11) If attacked, make as much noise and resist assault vigorously, unless you believe that to do so would increase the likelihood of physical harm or death. (12) Never leave children unattended. (13) Do not allow strangers to enter your car. (14) If you are assaulted, seek immediate help from local medical, social, and policing agencies. Do not wash or bathe. (15) Attempt to remember as many details as possible about the attacker: clothes, size, race, accent, hair color, identifying marks and scars, facial hair, vehicle, and evidence of drug or alcohol use.

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