ranula


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Related to ranula: marsupialization, mucocele

ranula

 [ran´u-lah]
a cystic tumor beneath the tongue due to obstruction and dilatation of the sublingual or submaxillary gland or of a mucous gland. adj., adj ran´ular.
pancreatic ranula a retention cyst of the pancreatic duct.

ran·u·la

(ran'yū-lă),
1. Hypoglottis.
2. Any cystic tumor of the undersurface of the tongue or floor of the mouth, especially one of the floor of the mouth due to obstruction of the duct of the sublingual glands. Synonym(s): ptyalocele, ranine tumor, sialocele, sublingual cyst
[L. tadpole, dim. of rana, frog]

ranula

/ran·u·la/ (ran´u-lah) a cystic tumor beneath the tongue.ran´ular
pancreatic ranula  a retention cyst of the pancreatic duct.

ranula

(răn′yə-lə)
n.
A cyst on the underside of the tongue caused by the obstruction of a duct of a salivary gland.

ranula

[ran′yoo͡lə] pl. ranulae
Etymology: L, rana, frog
a large mucocele in the floor of the mouth, usually caused by obstruction of the ducts of the sublingual salivary glands and less commonly caused by obstruction of the ducts of the submandibular salivary glands. Also called hydroglossa.
enlarge picture
Ranula

ranula

Anatomy
An obsolete synonym for hypoglottis, see there.
  
Medspeak
A nonspecific term for a sublingual retention cyst.

ran·u·la

(ran'yū-lă)
1. Hypoglottis.
2. Any cystic tumor of the undersurface of the tongue or floor of the mouth, especially one of the floor of the mouth due to obstruction of the duct of the sublingual glands.
Synonym(s): ptyalocele, sialocele, sublingual cyst.
[L. tadpole, dim. of rana, frog]

ranula

A translucent, saliva-filled cyst under the tongue caused by obstruction of the duct of one of the salivary glands, usually by a salivary stone (calculus). Treatment is by opening the cyst and stitching the edges of the incision to keep it open (MARSUPIALIZATION).

ran·u·la

(ran'yū-lă)
Any cystic tumor of the undersurface of the tongue or floor of the mouth.
Synonym(s): sialocele.
[L. tadpole, dim. of rana, frog]

ranula

a cystic enlargement beneath the tongue due to obstruction and dilatation of the sublingual or submaxillary gland.

pancreatic ranula
a retention cyst of the pancreatic duct.
References in periodicals archive ?
OK-432 is an immunomodulator that has been reported to be efficacious as an injection therapy for cervical lymphomas and ranulas.
Although micro-marsupialization has been described in the literature since 2000, mainly for the treatment for ranulas, its use in the treatment for other mucoceles has been limited.
2%) 6 Cystic Lymphoepithelial cyst Ranula 10 (8%) 1 Developmental Lymphangioma 16 (13%) 3 Pre-malignant Erythroplakia 20 (16%) 1 Neoplastic Schwannoma Neurofibroma 18 (14.
This case report describes a patient with swelling in the floor of her mouth that was clinically diagnosed as a ranula.
DISCUSSION: Ranula occurs because of rupture of the excretory duct resulting in extravasation of mucous in surrounding tissue leading to formation of pseudo cyst.
7) The differential diagnosis includes ranula, lymphangioma, teratoma and enteric duplication cysts.
DISCUSSION: Plunging ranula develops if extravasation of mucus occurs beyond the confines of the floor of the mouth through the mylohyoid muscle into the upper neck or submental region, a large cystic swelling develops, that happened in this case.
With the patient under general anesthesia, the tongue is retracted to expose the floor of the mouth and the ranula (figure, A).
A suprahyoid or plunging ranula is large and can manifest as a neck mass that extends through the mylohyoid.
A differential diagnosis of lipoma, branchial cyst, thyroglossal duct cyst, thymic cyst or Castleman's lymphoma cystic treatoma, plunging ranula, pericardial cyst should be kept in mind when dealing with cystic lymphangioma.
A cystic mass in the anterior two-thirds of the tongue in a newborn can represent a dermoid cyst, an epidermoid cyst, a lymphangioma, a hemangioma, or a ranula.
The common causes of large painless submental masses are thyroglossal duct cyst, sialadenitis (2) sublingual dermoid cyst, amyloidosis, hanging ranula and or cystic hygroma (1,6).