range of motion


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range

 [rānj]
1. the difference between the upper and lower limits of a variable or of a series of values.
2. an interval in which values sampled from a population, or the values in the population itself, are known to lie.
range of accommodation the total amount of accommodative power of the eye; the difference in refractive power of the eye when adjusted for near and for far vision. The amplitude diminishes as age increases because elasticity of the lens is decreased.
range of audibility the range between the extreme frequencies of sound waves beyond which the human ear perceives no sound: lower limit, 16 to 20 cycles per second; upper limit, 18,000 to 20,000 cycles per second.
range of motion the range, measured in degrees of a circle, through which a joint can be extended and flexed; see also range of motion exercises.

range of motion

Physical exam The range through which a joint can be moved, usually its range of flexion and extension, as determined by the type of joint, its articular surfaces, and that allowed by regional muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints and physiologic control of movement across the joint

range of mo·tion

(ROM) (rānj mō'shŭn)
1. The measured beginning and terminal angles, as well as the total degrees of motion, traversed by a joint moved by active muscle contraction or by passive movement.
2. Joint movement (active, passive, or a combination of both) carried out to assess, preserve, or increase the arc of joint motion.

Range of motion (ROM)

The range of motion of a joint from full extension to full flexion (bending) measured in degrees like a circle.

range of mo·tion

(ROM) (rānj mō'shŭn)
The measured beginning and terminal angles and total degrees of motion, traversed by a joint moved by active muscle contraction or by passive movement.

Patient discussion about range of motion

Q. How do I gain range of motion after shoulder surgery I'm 31 years old and had a shoulder replacment last year. I still don't know why my joint gave out and 4 Orthopedic Surgeons couldn't tell me either. I have limited Range of Motion and the Dr. seems to think that because of my "age" I was less likley to get full range back. I refuse to believe that, does anyone have any suggestions on how to gain ROM back?

A. i guess you go to physiotherapy no?
that is their job. to give you range of motion after injuries, surgeries ect. they'll give you exercises specially for your condition. when i had an accident i broke my leg hip and i needed 2 months of physiotherapy that helped very much.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Fryer G et al, and Kawal Deep Kaur et al as they have reported improvement in the cervical range of motion and neck pain.13-15
The criterion test involved range of motion measures obtained with a Dualer IQ digital dual inclinometer (JTECH Medical, Salt Lake City, UT, USA), with primary and secondary sensors.
Shoulder strength and range of motion in symptomatic and pain-free elite swimmers.
An intraclass correlation coefficient was used to verify the reproducibility of the mean values in the range of motion tests.
Thoracic range of motion was assessed by calculating the difference in range of motion at the level of the fourth costae and the xiphoid process, respectively, during maximal inhalation and exhalation using a tape measure.
Wearing corsets restrict lumbar range of motion during golf swings
While not significant, Charkravarty and Webley [15] reported a greater decline in range of motion in a group over the age of 75 years versus a group of 65-74 years, adding support to the trend for an accelerated decline in flexibility in the oldest old.
Based on Gajdosik et al (2005), a 5[degrees] change in knee extension range of motion was considered clinically significant, therefore for 80% power, [alpha] = 0.05, a sample size of 10 in each group was required to detect a difference of 5.5[degrees].
In order to become more mobile, look to increase the range of motion around joints that have less than favorable flexibility.
Obesity limits a patient's range of motion, extends the need for physical therapy, and prolongs the recovery period following total knee replacement, according to a study presented March 5 at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Shoulder support systems are available to relieve the neck, arms and back while allowing full range of motion. Postural changes as a result of use of the 400-D have proven effective in promoting work productivity and increased health and well-being.
A study at Missouri State University examined how stretching duration of hamstring flexibility affected the overall range of motion at the knee joint.