random assignment


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assignment

 [ah-sīn´ment]
the selection of something for a specific purpose.
random assignment in a research study, the assignment of subjects to experimental (treatment) or control groups in such a way that each member of a sample has an equal chance of being assigned to a particular group. Random assignment ensures that the groups will be as alike as possible at the beginning of the study. Called also randomization.
References in periodicals archive ?
Your random assignment to a particular treatment group usually will occur after the researcher decides that you can be in the study, and after you agree to join the research by signing an informed consent form.
Because the evaluation incorporates a classical experimental design to test the effects of the new approach to service delivery, Cash and Counseling volunteers must be willing to accept random assignment to the treatment or.
For example, among SWIM controls, 20 percent of AFDC-SPs and 30 percent of AFDC-UPs were off welfare within six months of random assignment. As it turned out, approximately 70 percent of program group members in AFDC-SP and AFDC-UP assistance categories eventually did participate in a formal activity.
The random assignment technique directs us to find ways to control extraneous variables, for example, by using stratified designs that reduce variation in confounding variables or by building in variation and doing partial correlation and regression analysis.
The first of two follow-up surveys was administered approximately one and a half to two years after random assignment; the second survey was administered approximately one year later.
Elgin and colleagues designated subjects to one of the two methods by using random assignment and then compared them statistically.
Titled 'Effects of Transcendental Meditation practice on brain functioning and stress reactivity in college students', the research is the first random assignment study of the effects of meditation practice on brain and physiological functioning in college students.
Instead of random assignment of participants to different treatment conditions to assess an independent variable's influence on a dependent variable, usability specialist and product designers need to analyze how people "naturally" interact with products.
Limitations of the study included the small sample size and its lack of random assignment to the DBT treatment group.
In group designs, random assignment of the participants to either a control group or experimental group is used to minimize most threats to validity.
In only three cases did substantial confusion arise, mainly concerning random assignment to different psychotherapy schedules.
In particular, this evaluation was based on matched treatment-comparison sites, rather than random assignment of individuals.

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