It is distinguished from the genus Ramulus
Saussure, 1862, which, according to the present interpretation, has an exclusively Asian distribution from Pakistan eastwards (Brock, Phasmida Species File Online; van Harten, pers.
Comparison: Differs from congeners in having 1m-cu longer, areolet longer, ramulus
long, 2Cu almost straight, and size smaller; also differs from L.
atractylodin Cnidii Rhizoma Ferulic acid, ligustilide Uncariae Uncis Geissoschizine methyl erther, hirsuteine, hirsutine cum Ramulus
Angelicae Radix Xanthotoxin, ligustilide Bupleuri Radix Saikosaponin b1, saikosaponin b2 Glycyrrhizae Formononetin, formononetin-7-O-glucoside Radix Liquiritigenin, liquiritin, liquiritin apioside, glycyrrhizin, glycyroside, isoliquiritin apioside.
tiaratum, an Australian phasmid known to fling its robust eggs up to 2 m horizontally when ovipositing (Carlberg 1984) and whose capitulum-bearing eggs are known to be dispersed by ants (Hughes & Westoby 1992); Ramulus
nematodes (de Haan), an apterous species from Thailand with long and thin eggs with no capitulum; and Ramulus
artemis (Westwood), an apterous and parthenogenetic species from Vietnam with flaxseed-shaped eggs and no capitulum (Fig.
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of yokukansan, a traditional Japanese herbal medicine that is composed of Atractylodis lanceae Rhizoma, Poria, Cnidii Rhizoma, Uncariae Uncis cum Ramulus
, Angelicae Radix, Bupleuri Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix, on the emotional abnormality induced by maladaptation to stress in mice.
5 g of Glycyrrhizae radix, and 3 g of Uncariae uncis cum ramulus
The alkaloids obtained from Uncariae Uncis Cum Ramulus
were found to be partial agonists for 5-HT receptors (Kanatani et al.
flos, fructus, semen kerb[R], folia, summhates, ramulus
, stipes, caulis, lignum, cortex, radix, bulbus, rhizoma, and tuber drugs.
Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of Ramulus
Cinnamomi using supercritical [COsub.
wilfordii, at 10 g each; Herba Asari 6 g) or to "release humidity and heat" (Cortex Phellodendri, Rhizoma Atractylodis, Ramulus
Mori, Radix Achyranthis bidentatae, Agkistrodon actus, Radix Stephaniae tetrandrae, Talcum, at 15 g each; Semen Coicis, Caulis Piperis futokadsurae, at 30 g each; T.
Uncaria Uncus Cum Ramulus
originating from the hooks and stems of Uncaria sinensis (OLIV.
1999) Effect of Uncariae Ramulus
et Uncus on endothelium in spontaneously hypertensive rats.