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1. the descending and subterranean part of a plant.
2. that portion of an organ, such as a tooth, hair, or nail, that is buried in the tissues, or by which it arises from another structure, or the part of a nerve that is adjacent to the center to which it is connected.
anterior root the anterior, or motor, division of each spinal nerve, attached centrally to the spinal cord and joining peripherally with the posterior root to form the nerve before it emerges from the intervertebral foramen; it conveys motor fibers to skeletal muscle and contains preganglionic autonomic fibers at the thoracolumbar and sacral levels. Called also ventral root.
dorsal root posterior root.
motor root anterior root.
nerve r's the series of paired bundles of nerve fibers which emerge at each side of the spinal cord, termed dorsal (or posterior) or ventral (or anterior) according to their position. There are 31 pairs (8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 1 coccygeal), each corresponding dorsal and ventral root joining to form a spinal nerve. Certain cranial nerves, e.g., the trigeminal, also have nerve roots.
posterior root the posterior, or sensory, division of each spinal nerve, attached centrally to the spinal cord and joining peripherally with the anterior root to form the nerve before it emerges from the intervertebral foramen; each posterior root bears a spinal ganglion that conveys sensory fibers to the spinal cord. Called also dorsal root.
sensory root posterior root.
ventral root anterior root.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
rad·i·ces(rā'diks, rā-di'sis, rad'ĭ-sēz or rā-dī'sēz),
1. Synonym(s): root (1)
2. Synonym(s): root of tooth
3. The hypothetical size of the birth cohort in a life table, commonly 1,000 or 100,000.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
n. pl. radices (răd′ĭ-sēz′, rā′dĭ-) or radixes
1. Biology A root or point of origin.
2. Abbr. rad.Mathematics The base of a system of numbers, such as 2 in the binary system and 10 in the decimal system.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
ra·dix, pl. radices (rā'diks, -di-sēz) [TA]
1. Synonym(s): root (1) .
2. Synonym(s): root of tooth.
3. The hypothetic size of the birth cohort in a life table, commonly 1,000 or 100,000.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
- a root.
- a source or origin.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005