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Related to radioactive iodine: radioactive iodine uptake
a chemical element, atomic number 53, atomic weight 126.904. (See Appendix 6.) Iodine is essential in nutrition, being especially prevalent in the colloid of the thyroid gland. It is used in the treatment of hypothyroidism and as a topical antiseptic. Iodine is a frequent cause of poisoning (see iodism). Deficiency of iodine causes goiter. Since iodine salts are opaque to x-rays, they can be combined with other compounds and used as contrast media in diagnostic x-ray examinations of the gallbladder and kidneys.
iodine 123 a radioactive isotope of iodine having a half-life of 13.2 hours and emitting gamma rays and x-rays. It is used in diagnostic imaging and as radiation sources in radiation therapy. Symbol 123I.
iodine 125 a radioisotope of iodine having a half-life of 60.14 days and emitting gamma rays; used as a label in radioimmunoassays and other in vitro tests, and also for thyroid imaging. Symbol 125I.
iodine 131 a radioactive isotope of iodine having a half-life of 8.04 days and emitting beta particles and gamma rays. It is used as a tracer in diagnostic imaging and as a radiation source in radiation therapy. Symbol 131I.
radioactive iodine radioiodine.
iodine solution a transparent, reddish brown liquid, each 100 ml of which contains 1.8 to 2.2 g of iodine and 2.1 to 2.6 g of sodium iodide; a local antiinfective agent.
strong iodine solution Lugol's solution.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
the iodine radioisotopes 131I, 125I, or 123I used as tracers in biology and medicine.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
radioactive iodineAny of the radionuclides of iodine, the most commonly used of which is beta- and gamma-emitting 131I, with a half-life of 8 days. It is used clinically as an implant for treating thyroid cancer and hyperactivity, and for scintigraphy of other organs. The gamma-emitting 125I has a half-life of 59.4 days and has been used in bioassays, nuclear medicine imaging and in radiation oncology as brachytherapy to treat prostate cancer and brain tumours.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
radioactive iodineRadioiodine A radioisotope of iodine–eg, 131I or 123I, used for imaging or to treat CA. See Radioactive iodine uptake.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.