rabbit fever


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Related to rabbit fever: tularemia, sleeping sickness

tularemia

 [too″lah-re´me-ah]
a plaguelike disease of rodents, caused by Francisella tularensis, which is transmissible to humans. It can be contracted by handling diseased animals or their hides, eating infected wild game, or being bitten by insects such as horseflies or deer flies that have fed on such animals.

Symptoms and Treatment. Tularemia begins with a sudden onset of chills and fever, accompanied by headache, nausea, vomiting, and severe weakness. A day or so later, a small sore usually develops at the site of the infection, and it becomes ulcerated. There may also be enlargement and ulceration of the lymph nodes and a generalized red rash. In untreated cases, the fever may last for weeks or months. Treatment is with antibiotics, such as tetracycline, streptomycin, and chloramphenicol.
Prevention. Tularemia is usually thought of as an occupational disease. Those who may be exposed to it, such as game wardens and hunters, should take precautions such as wearing gloves when handling wild animals, particularly rabbits and squirrels, and wearing adequate clothing in the woods to prevent bites by insect vectors of the disease. Wild game must be especially well cooked in order to kill the tularemia organism.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

tu·la·re·mi·a

(tū'lă-rē'mē-ă),
A disease caused by Francisella tularensis and transmitted to humans from rodents through the bite of a deer fly, Chrysops discalis, and other bloodsucking insects; can also be acquired directly through the bite of an infected animal or through handling of an infected animal carcass; symptoms, similar to those of undulant fever and plague, are a prolonged intermittent or remittent fever and often swelling and suppuration of the lymph nodes draining the site of infection; rabbits are an important reservoir host.
[Tulare, Lake and County, CA, + G. haima, blood]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

rabbit fever

n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

tu·la·re·mi·a

(tū'lă-rē'mē-ă)
A disease caused by Francisella tularensis transmitted to humans from rodents through the bite of a deer fly, Chrysops discalis, and other bloodsucking insects; can also be acquired directly through the bite of an infected animal or through handling of an infected animal's carcass; symptoms consist of fever and swelling and suppuration of the lymph nodes draining the site of infection; rabbits are an important reservoir host.
Synonym(s): deerfly fever, rabbit fever, tularaemia.
[Tulare, Lake and County, CA, + G. haima, blood]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

rabbit fever

See TULARAEMIA.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Tulare,

county in California where the disease was first discovered.
tularemia - a disease that is transmitted to humans from rodents through the bite of a deer fly or other bloodsucking insects, or through the handling of an infected animal carcass. Synonym(s): deer-fly disease; deer-fly fever; Pahvant Valley fever; Pahvant Valley plague; rabbit fever
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Just as doxycycline appears to be the better overall choice for Rocky Mountain spotted fever, it may be time to hop on board with it for rabbit fever too.
Tularemia: Or rabbit fever, can be transmitted a number of ways, including through the bite of a tick, deer fly or mosquito.
A 1988 Army report adds"Q fever was first isolated in the United States in the Great Salt Lake Desert [in 1959] ."Another document acknowledges that a major epidemic of rabbit fever among local wildlife may have been caused by Dugway "activities."
The report by NTI also stated North Korea was capable of indigenously producing other agents of biological warfare including Variola major (smallpox), Francisella tularensis (rabbit fever), and Bunyaviridae Hantavirus (Korean hemorrhagic fever).

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