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The dried bark of the root and stem of various species of Cinchona, a genus of evergreen trees (family Rubiaceae), native of South America but cultivated in various tropic regions. The cultivated bark contains 7-10% of total alkaloids; about 70% is quinine. Cinchona contains more than 20 alkaloids, of which two pairs of isomers are most important: quinine and quinidine, and cinchonidine and cinchonine.
[Cinchona, fr. Countess of Chinch'on]


Herbal lmedicine
(1) China, see there.
(2) Cinchona, see there; Cinchona species.

quinquina (kwinˑ·kwiˈ·n),

n bark from the root or stem of the
Cinchona tree; formerly was used to treat malaria. Also called
Jesuit's cinchona, and
Peruvian bark.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The cure was later discovered to be cinchona all along, as the fabulist Jean de la Fontaine wrote in his ode to this newfound remedy, entitled "Le Poeme du Quinquina.
Knowledge accumulated about cinchona trees as a result of these studies, together with Hipolito Ruiz and Jose Pavon's expedition to Chile and Peru (1777-1788), Jose Celestino Mutis' expedition to what are now Ecuador and Colombia (1783), and the later work by Hug Algernon Weddell in Bolivia (Histoire naturelle des quinquinas, 1849), following in the footsteps of Tadeus P.
Take, for example, Bertholo's diatribe against Enlightenment successes: 'Sottises de toute espece: la liberte de penser, l'attraction, l'electricite, le tolerantisme, l'inoculation, le quinquina, l'Encyclopedie, et les drames [.
Curio in Columbus, OH, has a few aquafaba cocktails, including Nice Threads with Beefeater dry gin, Kina Aero d'or, Quinquina aperitif, saffron, toasted coriander, honey, lemon, aquafaba (called out on the menu as vegan whites).