cinchona

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cinchona

 [sin-ko´nah]
the dried bark of the stem or root of various South American trees of the genus Cinchona; it is the source of quinine, cinchonine, and other alkaloids and was used as an antimalarial.

cin·cho·na

(sin-kō'nă),
The dried bark of the root and stem of various species of Cinchona, a genus of evergreen trees (family Rubiaceae), native of South America but cultivated in various tropic regions. The cultivated bark contains 7-10% of total alkaloids; about 70% is quinine. Cinchona contains more than 20 alkaloids, of which two pairs of isomers are most important: quinine and quinidine, and cinchonidine and cinchonine.
[Cinchona, fr. Countess of Chinch'on]

cinchona

(sĭng-kō′nə, sĭn-chō′-)
n.
1. Any of various evergreen trees and shrubs of the genus Cinchona, native chiefly to the Andes, some species of which are cultivated for their bark, which contains quinine and other alkaloids used chiefly to treat malaria.
2. The dried bark of any of these plants. Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark.

cin·chon′ic (sĭng-kŏn′ĭk, sĭn-chŏn′-) adj.

cinchona

Herbal medicine
A tree native to South America, the primary source of the alkaloids, quinine and quinidine, which was the first effective antimalarial agent; other alkaloids present in cinchona include cinchonidine and cinchonine.
 
Toxicity
Abdominal pain, deafness, delirium, headache, impaired vision, nausea, psychotic disorder, tinnitus, vomiting and weakness.

Homeopathy
See China.

cin·cho·na

(sin-kō'nă)
The dried bark of the root and stem of various species of Cinchona, a genus of evergreen trees contains more than 20 alkaloids, of which two pairs of isomers are most important: quinine and quinidine, and cinchonidine and cinchonine.
[Cinchona, fr. Countess of Chinch'on]

cinchona

A south American tree, genus Cinchona , from the bark of which quinine is derived.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ramos de la Caja Matriz de Santafe con informacion sobre ciencia, cultura y educacion Propios Particulares Ajenos Historia Natural Floras americanas Biblioteca Publica (1783-1810) (1793-1795) (1790-1810) Becas Reales Seminario (1775-1800) (1775-1810) Pagado por Reales Cedulas Pagados en Beneficio de la Real Hacienda Acopios de quina (1782-1798) Fuente: Elaboracion propia con base en: Seccion Archivo Anexo I (SAAI), Real Hacienda, t.
Las quinas del Tolima (1867-1873) (17), caracterizadas por variedades como la quina blanca y tunita (roja) con altas concentraciones de quinina y la quina amarilla con altas concentraciones de chinchonina (18), fueron extraidas y explotadas por tres grandes companias cuyos contratos de extraccion y explotacion se extendian hasta los llanos de san Martin.
Mas aquelas que mais ojeriza causam a Quina sao as da sociedade, as fidalgas, cuja intimidade ela conhece: segundo ela, parecem viver como numa cela de loucas, sem pudores, sem moral, sem leis.
La mision Holt produjo el Ecuadorean Economic Resources Mission Report 1941-1942, donde constaban las estrategias para la explotacion de quina y caucho y la recomendacion de crear una Corporacion Nacional de Fomento, "libre de interferencia politica", asi como una Estacion Experimental Agricola.
Articulo 4: Cualquiera que extraiga de los bosques del Estado, quinas, maderas preciosas, y de construccion sin la debida licencia, o que traspase los limites que se le hayan fijado, incurrira en la multa de veinticinco hasta cien pesos, aplicados a los fondos publicos; ademas pagara, a justa tasacion de peritos, los objetos que haya extraido o deteriorado.
Segun versiones de trabajadores jubilados que prefieren el anonimato para evitar represalias, lo que realmente valio a Romero Deschamps el favor de "La Quina" fue una hermosa tamaulipeca de nombre Maria Elena: apercibido del enamoramiento de su jefe, el chofer entablo amistad con la mujer y a fuerza de requiebros en nombre del lider la persuadio de iniciar amorios con Hernandez Galicia:
-- La corteza de quina se emplea en terapeutica como antifebrifugo y en el tratamiento especifico de la maiaria desde que se popularizo por la cura del Conde de Chinchon, en 1638; no la Condesa como relata la leyenda.
Ayoze Perez 5 (for Murphy 73) Blazed over to waste OPPOSITION WATFORD: Gomes, Janmaat, Cathcart, Britos, Masina, Wilnot, Hughes, Chalobah (Capoue 82 mins), Quina, Success, Gray (Penaranda 68).
Quina forced Freddie Woodman to tip over a fierce effort, while Newcastle carried little threat, a malaise which continued for virtually the whole match.
Watford sealed a deserved victory in the 90th minute, with Success finishing off a defence-lacerating move that involved Adalberto Penaranda and Domingos Quina.
Watford's Domingos Quina tried his luck from distance with just five minutes on the clock but Woodman made a fine tip over to deny the visitors.
Portuguese midfielder Domingos Quina, who has an eye for a spectacular goal, and exciting Venezuelan Adalberto Penaranda are two younger players the Watford supporters will be hoping to see, while the bench should be stacked with first-team regulars in the case of emergency.