quarantine

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quarantine

 [kwor´an-tēn]
1. restriction of freedom of movement of apparently well individuals who have been exposed to infectious disease, which is imposed for the usual maximal incubation period of the disease (quarantine period).
2. a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected ports or places.
3. the place where persons are detained for inspection.
4. to detain or isolate on account of suspected contagion.

quar·an·tine

(kwar'an-tēn),
1. A period (originally 40 days) of detention of vessels and their passengers coming from an area where an infectious disease prevails.
2. To detain such vessels and their passengers until the incubation period of an infectious disease has passed.
3. A place where such vessels and their passengers are detained.
4. The isolation of a person with a known or possible contagious disease.
[It. quarantina fr. L. quadraginta, forty]

quarantine

/quar·an·tine/ (kwor´an-tēn) (kwahr´an-tēn)
1. restriction of freedom of movement of apparently well individuals who have been exposed to infectious disease, which is imposed for the maximal incubation period of the disease.
2. a period of detention for vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected ports or places.
3. the place where persons are detained for inspection.
4. to detain or isolate on account of suspected contagion.

quarantine

(kwôr′ən-tēn′, kwŏr′-)
n.
1.
a. A condition, period of time, or place in which a person, animal, plant, vehicle, or amount of material suspected of carrying an infectious agent is kept in confinement or isolated in an effort to prevent disease from spreading.
b. An action resulting in such a condition: the government's quarantine of the animals.
2.
a. An action to isolate another nation, such as a blockade of its ports or a severance of diplomatic or trade relations.
b. The condition of being isolated by such an action.
3. Computers The isolation of data or data transmissions in order to keep viruses, worms, or other malware from infecting a computer or computer network.
tr.v. quaran·tined, quaran·tining, quaran·tines
To isolate in quarantine.

quar′an·tin′a·ble adj.

quarantine

[kwor′əntēn]
Etymology: It, quarantina, forty
1 isolation of people with communicable disease or those exposed to communicable disease during the contagious period in an attempt to prevent spread of the illness.
2 the practice of detaining travelers or vessels coming from places of epidemic disease, originally for 40 days, for the purpose of inspection or disinfection.

quarantine

Epidemiology
noun A period of isolation intended to control the spread of a contagious infection.
 
verb To restrict the freedom of movement in those with—or presumed to have been exposed to—a highly communicable disease so as to prevent dissemination.
 
Military medicine
noun Isolation of anyone who is suffering from a disease that can be spread, or isolation of carriers and personnel who may be responsible for the spread of diseases, such as typhoid.
 
Types
• Absolute quarantine—Consists of complete isolation from contact with other persons or units. The quarantined person’s normal duties are suspended and all contacts avoided.
• Working quarantine—Relaxed isolation where unnecessary contacts with other persons or units are contained, regular duties are still carried out, but infected persons are kept isolated and preventive measures are taken to avoid spreading of the disease.
 
Transfusion medicine
noun A term of art referring to an “on-hold” status of a blood component from the time it is collected from a donor until all required testing is completed, after which time it is released and distributed to end-users and recipients.

quarantine

Epidemiology noun A period of isolation intended to control the spread of a contagious infection verb To restrict the freedom of movement in those with–or presumed to have been exposed to–a highly communicable disease, to prevent dissemination. See Notifiable disease, Proposition 64.

quar·an·tine

(kwōr'ǎn-tēn, -tēn')
1. The restriction of activities of contacts (potentially infected but currently asymptomatic hosts) for a time at least equal to the period of communicability for the disease in question.
Compare: isolation
2. To apply quarantine measures.
[It. quarantina fr. L. quadraginta, forty]

quarantine

Isolation of a person who has been exposed to an infectious disease so as to prevent spread. From the Italian quarantina, 40-a period of days longer than the incubation period of most diseases, other than RABIES.

quar·an·tine

(kwōr'ǎn-tēn)
1. Isolation of a person with a known or possible contagious disease.
2. A period (originally 40 days) of detention of vessels and their passengers coming from an area where an infectious disease prevails.
3. A place where such vessels and their passengers are detained.
[It. quarantina fr. L. quadraginta, forty]

quarantine

1. a place or period of detention of ships or aircraft coming from infected or suspected ports.
2. restrictions placed on entering or leaving premises or regions where a case of communicable disease exists or is suspected.

quarantine station
a government institution which houses animals or people that have to serve out a mandatory period of quarantine because they have come from an infected port or been exposed to, or affected by, one or more exotic diseases.
References in periodicals archive ?
The state laws used to implement mandatory quarantines in New York, New Jersey and Illinois are clear and "there is no serious doubt about the affirmative power of either the states and the federal government to quarantine," Mr.
Recent quarantine policies announced by several states, including New York and New Jersey, for travelers arriving from areas affected by the outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease have raised legal and constitutional questions about federal and state authority to order quarantine and isolation measures.
The Department of State continues to receive reports about poor quarantine conditions, including the unavailability of suitable drinking water and food, unsanitary conditions, the lack of telephone access, the absence of English-speaking staff, and limited availability of English-language interpreters.
The self-quarantines were a response to social pressures and fears: "Most voluntary quarantines have involved individual travelers, like Shengyi Liu, who decided last week to isolate himself in his one-bedroom apartment in Oakland, Calif.
Although the national quarantine director believed that pandemic influenza had entered Australia before quarantine was established, this belief was not documented, and other reports indicate that some ships' officers and soldiers returning to Australia from Europe had concealed illness to avoid protracted quarantine (18).
But if the virus does return, other nations besides Singapore will have to balance suggestions such as broad quarantine orders with the preservation of civil liberties and the rights to privacy, property, and freedom of movement.
officials asked state and local public health workers to "dust off" their quarantine plans and work with local hospitals to ensure effective plans to contain the SARS virus.
The document enthusiastically recommends the MEHPA, which "would give state officials broad powers to close buildings, take over hospitals and order quarantines during a biological attack.
High risk groups, such as the homosexual community, have consistently opposed quarantines for fear that status alone, such as homosexuality, will be enough for the Health Department to have cause to believe that individuals are engaging in at-risk behavior.
Maxwell detailed a new statewide action plan he helped develop -- which includes strict quarantines around affected hives -- at this week's annual meeting of the Entomological Society of America in San Antonio, Tex.