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a small, gallinaceous, insectivorous game bird, gray-brown with black, white and yellow spots. They are poor flyers but migrate long distances annually and reproduce at a high rate. The common species is the common quail, Coturnix coturnix. In North America the native quail is the bobwhite (Colinus virginianus).
caused by an adenovirus in captive or freeliving bobwhite quail, manifested by coughing, sneezing, lacrimation and conjunctivitis but usually without nasal discharge. Morbidity is usually 100% in young birds where the mortality may also be high.
see ulcerative enteritis.