quadriplegia

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quadriplegia

 [kwod″rĭ-ple´jah]
paralysis of all four limbs; motor and/or sensory function in the cervical spinal segments is impaired or lost due to damage to that part of the spinal cord, resulting in impaired function in the upper limbs, lower limbs, trunk, and pelvic organs. This term does not include conditions due to brachial plexus lesions or to injuries of peripheral nerves outside the spinal canal. Called also tetraplegia. adj., adj quadriple´gic.
Patient Care. The quadriplegic patient has major sensory and motor deficits and is therefore subject to the many problems associated with immobility and loss of sensation. (See hazards of immobility.) The immediate goal of care is the prevention of complications that can affect all body systems, and maintenance of the integrity of the body systems so that optimum rehabilitation can be achieved. The extent to which the patient may eventually achieve mobility in a wheelchair and some degree of independence is greatly affected by the caliber of care received and the motivation and drive of the individual patient.

Mechanical devices such as braces are helpful in compensating for the loss of muscular function. physical therapy procedures and techniques and occupational therapy are essential aspects of patient care and are vital to the attainment of the goals of rehabilitation. (See also paraplegia.)

Patient education is especially important to the long-range goal of prevention of serious complications. Patients and their families should be aware of the early signs and symptoms of breakdown of the skin (pressure ulcer), fecal impaction, a developing infection, and urinary difficulties. As with any type of long-term care, these patients should be medically evaluated periodically and their care should be under the supervision of a visiting nurse. In spite of the many difficulties that may be encountered by paralyzed patients, it is possible for them to lead useful and personally rewarding lives.
Quadriplegia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

qua·dri·ple·gi·a

(kwah'dri-plē'jē-ă),
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia
[quadri- + G. plēgē, stroke]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

quadriplegia

(kwŏd′rə-plē′jə, -jē-ə)
n.
Complete paralysis of the body from the neck down. Also called tetraplegia.

quad′ri·ple′gic adj. & n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

quadriplegia

Neurology Paralysis of both arms and both legs, as seen in a high spinal cord accident or stroke. See Spinal cord injury, Stroke.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

quad·ri·ple·gi·a

(kwahd'ri-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia.
[L. quadrus, four + G. plēgē, stroke]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

quadriplegia

Paralysis of the muscles of both arms, both legs and of the trunk. Quadriplegia results from severe spinal cord damage in the neck, usually as a result of a fracture-dislocation, but sometimes as a result of neurological disease.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Quadriplegia

Paralysis of all four limbs.
Mentioned in: Cerebral Palsy
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

quad·ri·ple·gi·a

(kwahd'ri-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of all four limbs.
[L. quadrus, four + G. plēgē, stroke]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: The Tetra Ski allows quadriplegics to steer the chair using either a sip-and-puff or a hand controller.
None of the boys was severely injured, but the accident left Bavlsik a quadriplegic. He now moves about in a motorized wheelchair.
Another 10 quadriplegic patients who took part in the tests were also able to operate a computer and write messages through sniffing, Sobel was quoted as saying.
OPAK said quadriplegics receive e1/4854 per month from the state, a feat they achieved in 2006 on the basis that for three shifts a week, a domestic worker from a third country would be employed for 150 Cyprus pounds per month.
What about the quadriplegics, paralyzed from the chest down, sometimes with limited or no use of their hands and arms?
The device was tested on healthy volunteers as well as quadriplegics, and the results showed that the method is easily mastered.
"Breathing through a ventilator wears on the body and makes quadriplegics more susceptible to fever, infections, and pneumonia--the primary cause of death in quadriplegics," says Dr.
Monkeys are perfect helpmates for quadriplegics, people paralyzed from the neck down who are unable to use their own hands (and legs).
But he fought back and has a leading role in raising millions for research and publicising the plight of quadriplegics.
They expect quadriplegics will be able to use this pocket-size electronic device within the next 5 years.
This was particularly true for quadriplegics, whereas some paraplegics had obtained work in machine trade, bench-work and other "practical" occupations.
He didn't know quadriplegics aren't supposed to have the ability to do things paraplegics can do.