quadriplegia


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Related to quadriplegia: hemiplegia

quadriplegia

 [kwod″rĭ-ple´jah]
paralysis of all four limbs; motor and/or sensory function in the cervical spinal segments is impaired or lost due to damage to that part of the spinal cord, resulting in impaired function in the upper limbs, lower limbs, trunk, and pelvic organs. This term does not include conditions due to brachial plexus lesions or to injuries of peripheral nerves outside the spinal canal. Called also tetraplegia. adj., adj quadriple´gic.
Patient Care. The quadriplegic patient has major sensory and motor deficits and is therefore subject to the many problems associated with immobility and loss of sensation. (See hazards of immobility.) The immediate goal of care is the prevention of complications that can affect all body systems, and maintenance of the integrity of the body systems so that optimum rehabilitation can be achieved. The extent to which the patient may eventually achieve mobility in a wheelchair and some degree of independence is greatly affected by the caliber of care received and the motivation and drive of the individual patient.

Mechanical devices such as braces are helpful in compensating for the loss of muscular function. physical therapy procedures and techniques and occupational therapy are essential aspects of patient care and are vital to the attainment of the goals of rehabilitation. (See also paraplegia.)

Patient education is especially important to the long-range goal of prevention of serious complications. Patients and their families should be aware of the early signs and symptoms of breakdown of the skin (pressure ulcer), fecal impaction, a developing infection, and urinary difficulties. As with any type of long-term care, these patients should be medically evaluated periodically and their care should be under the supervision of a visiting nurse. In spite of the many difficulties that may be encountered by paralyzed patients, it is possible for them to lead useful and personally rewarding lives.
Quadriplegia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

qua·dri·ple·gi·a

(kwah'dri-plē'jē-ă),
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia
[quadri- + G. plēgē, stroke]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

quadriplegia

(kwŏd′rə-plē′jə, -jē-ə)
n.
Complete paralysis of the body from the neck down. Also called tetraplegia.

quad′ri·ple′gic adj. & n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

quadriplegia

Neurology Paralysis of both arms and both legs, as seen in a high spinal cord accident or stroke. See Spinal cord injury, Stroke.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

quad·ri·ple·gi·a

(kwahd'ri-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia.
[L. quadrus, four + G. plēgē, stroke]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

quadriplegia

Paralysis of the muscles of both arms, both legs and of the trunk. Quadriplegia results from severe spinal cord damage in the neck, usually as a result of a fracture-dislocation, but sometimes as a result of neurological disease.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Quadriplegia

Paralysis of all four limbs.
Mentioned in: Cerebral Palsy
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

quad·ri·ple·gi·a

(kwahd'ri-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of all four limbs.
[L. quadrus, four + G. plēgē, stroke]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Acute quadriplegia with delayed onset and rapid recovery.
The patient's quadriplegia subsequently failed to improve, although ventilatory weaning was successful.
Medical testimony indicated that the improper moving of the player (not using a stretcher) was a contributing factor to the quadriplegia (Kaiser, 1986).
announced the first voice controlled robotic workstation to be sold to persons with quadriplegia. The system can load and mn various computer software, as well as answer the phone by using voice commands (Mangelsdorf, 1988).
DISABLED David Shannon plants a disabled parking sign in the snow after becoming the first person with quadriplegia and in a wheelchair to reach the North Pole.
Anonymous has a 14-year-old son with spastic quadriplegia cerebral palsy and wants to hear from families who have tried oral baclofen.
He has learning disabilities and quadriplegia, meaning he has very little control over his body movements.
The tot suffers with spastic quadriplegia, which is regarded as the most severe form of the cerebral palsy.
The largest single element of damages in a case in which a catastrophic injury has resulted in paraplegia or quadriplegia is the cost of future care.
Depending on the level of injury, the paralysis is described as tetraplegia (or quadriplegia), referring to all four extremities affected, and paraplegia, referring to paralysis from approximately the waist down.
The mean period for clients with incomplete paraplegia was 76.8 days; 84.4 days were average for persons with complete paraplegia, eighty-eight days were required for clients with incomplete quadriplegia, and 124.4 days were needed for people with complete quadriplegia.
For the next three days, she prepared for a surgery that would at best leave her with C5 quadriplegia.