quadriplegia


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Related to quadriplegia: hemiplegia

quadriplegia

 [kwod″rĭ-ple´jah]
paralysis of all four limbs; motor and/or sensory function in the cervical spinal segments is impaired or lost due to damage to that part of the spinal cord, resulting in impaired function in the upper limbs, lower limbs, trunk, and pelvic organs. This term does not include conditions due to brachial plexus lesions or to injuries of peripheral nerves outside the spinal canal. Called also tetraplegia. adj., adj quadriple´gic.
Patient Care. The quadriplegic patient has major sensory and motor deficits and is therefore subject to the many problems associated with immobility and loss of sensation. (See hazards of immobility.) The immediate goal of care is the prevention of complications that can affect all body systems, and maintenance of the integrity of the body systems so that optimum rehabilitation can be achieved. The extent to which the patient may eventually achieve mobility in a wheelchair and some degree of independence is greatly affected by the caliber of care received and the motivation and drive of the individual patient.

Mechanical devices such as braces are helpful in compensating for the loss of muscular function. physical therapy procedures and techniques and occupational therapy are essential aspects of patient care and are vital to the attainment of the goals of rehabilitation. (See also paraplegia.)

Patient education is especially important to the long-range goal of prevention of serious complications. Patients and their families should be aware of the early signs and symptoms of breakdown of the skin (pressure ulcer), fecal impaction, a developing infection, and urinary difficulties. As with any type of long-term care, these patients should be medically evaluated periodically and their care should be under the supervision of a visiting nurse. In spite of the many difficulties that may be encountered by paralyzed patients, it is possible for them to lead useful and personally rewarding lives.
Quadriplegia.

qua·dri·ple·gi·a

(kwah'dri-plē'jē-ă),
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia
[quadri- + G. plēgē, stroke]

quadriplegia

/quad·ri·ple·gia/ (kwod″rĭ-ple´jah) paralysis of all four limbs.

quadriplegia

(kwŏd′rə-plē′jə, -jē-ə)
n.
Complete paralysis of the body from the neck down. Also called tetraplegia.

quad′ri·ple′gic adj. & n.

quadriplegia (quad)

[kwod′rəplē′jē·ə]
Etymology: L, quattuor, four; Gk, plege, stroke

quadriplegia

Neurology Paralysis of both arms and both legs, as seen in a high spinal cord accident or stroke. See Spinal cord injury, Stroke.

quad·ri·ple·gi·a

(kwahd'ri-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia.
[L. quadrus, four + G. plēgē, stroke]

quadriplegia

Paralysis of the muscles of both arms, both legs and of the trunk. Quadriplegia results from severe spinal cord damage in the neck, usually as a result of a fracture-dislocation, but sometimes as a result of neurological disease.

Quadriplegia

Paralysis of all four limbs.
Mentioned in: Cerebral Palsy

quadriplegia

syn tetraplegia paralysis involving all four limbs. quadriplegic adj. See also spinal injury.

quadriplegia

motor paralysis of all four limbs

quadriplegia (kwäˈ·dr·plēˑ·jē·),

n paralysis distinguished by the loss of motion, reflexes, and sensation in the trunk of the body in addition to both legs and arms. Also called
tetraplegia. See also paraplegia.
Enlarge picture
Quadriplegia.

quad·ri·ple·gi·a

(kwahd'ri-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of all four limbs.
[L. quadrus, four + G. plēgē, stroke]

quadriplegia (kwod´rəplē´jēə),

n an abnormal condition characterized by paralysis of both arms and legs and the trunk of the body below the level of the associated injury to the spinal cord.

quadriplegia

paralysis of all four limbs; tetraplegia. Indicative of spinal cord injury in the upper cervical area. May be acute or gradual in onset depending on the nature of the lesion.

hereditary amblyopia with quadriplegia
see hereditary amblyopia with quadriplegia.
References in periodicals archive ?
The comparison of obtained scores of SF-36 domains revealed that people with quadriplegia have a poorer HRQOL in physical functioning domain only compared to paraplegic individuals.
Data was stratified for causes of paraplegia or quadriplegia.
A year later Phoebe was finally diagnosed with quadriplegia, a form of cerebral palsy.
Orthopaedic surgeon Suneel Kumar of the BLK Memorial Hospital, said, " Shamlal was suffering from spastic quadriplegia, which paralysed all his limbs.
Christian Rossiter, 49, developed spastic quadriplegia after separate accidents in which he fell 30 metres from a building and was then hit by a car whilst riding his bicycle.
Monika Samaan, 11, was seeking more than 10 million dollars in damages after the illness developed into acquired spastic quadriplegia and acquired profound intellectual disability and liver dysfunction.
choose 6 years of nondisabled life over 10 with quadriplegia, but have difficulty deciding between 5 years of nondisabled life over 10 with quadriplegia, then they are, in effect, assessing life with quadriplegia as half as good as nondisabled life.
Clinical signs were respiratory failure within 24 hours of symptom onset, complete or near complete quadriplegia by the fifth day, and neuromuscular recovery beginning on the eighth day.
Some of the patients with quadriplegia that I worked with developed greater respiratory control and were able to sing in a way that did not seem feasible given their level of injury.
Such strokes may result in mild cognitive deficits, quadriplegia, and even death.
A 19-year-old man presented with an acute quadriplegia secondary to anterior spinal artery thrombosis He required admission to the intensive care unit for ventilatory support and developed autonomic dysreflexia within 72 hours of his first symptoms, due to paralytic ileus with distension of the bowel.
According to the Insurance Institute of Michigan, the MCAA paid out $668 million last year, mostly for closed-head injuries, paraplegia, quadriplegia, and burns.