Bugatti et al., "A quadricuspid
aortic valve associated with severe aortic regurgitation and left ventricular systolic dysfunction," European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging, vol.
Inoue et al., "Quadricuspid
aortic valve complicated with infective endocarditis: report of a case," Surgery Today, vol.
aortic valve and anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery in a young man with Down syndrome," Clinical Case Reports, vol.
The vessel had a mildly thickened quadricuspid
valve and appeared to be the only outflow tract for both the right and left ventricles consistent with a CAT.
Caudal molar process of mandible quadricuspid
The detailed examination of aortic valve morphology displayed quadricuspid
aortic valve (with 3 equal and small accessory cusp type B in the Hurwitz classification and location between noncoronary and right coronary cusp type II in the Nakamura classification), being a very rare congenital abnormality sometimes leading to valve incompetence treated surgically, see Photo 1 [1-5].
He had Quadricuspid
truncal valve with normal arch and normal SVC.
Some people have congenital abnormalities of the AV, and may have one (unicuspid), two (bicuspid), or four (quadricuspid
) leaflets instead of the usual three (tricuspid).
We read with interest the recent case report by Bilge and colleagues (1) about a patient with quadricuspid
aortic valve (QAV).
Branidou, "A case of 75-year-old survivor of unrepaired tetralogy of Fallot and quadricuspid
aortic valve," European Journal of Echocardiography, vol.
aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital anomaly with the incidence rate of 0.008%- 0.033% (1).
Our case describes a 78-year-old female patient with the first ever reported, to the best of our knowledge, quadricuspid
aortic valve infective endocarditis complicated by multiple aortocardiac fistulae.