pyloric antrum


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Related to pyloric antrum: pyloric canal, Pyloric stomach

antrum

 [an´trum] (pl. an´tra, antrums) (L.)
a cavity or chamber. adj., adj an´tral.
antrum of Highmore maxillary sinus.
mastoid antrum an air space in the mastoid portion of the temporal bone communicating with the middle ear and the mastoid cells.
antrum maxilla´re (maxillary antrum) maxillary sinus.
pyloric antrum (antrum pylo´ricum) the proximal, expanded portion of the pyloric part of the stomach.
tympanic antrum (antrum tympa´nicum) mastoid antrum.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

py·lor·ic an·trum

[TA]
the initial portion of the pyloric part of the stomach, which may temporarily become partially or completely shut off from the remainder of the stomach during digestion by peristaltic contraction of the prepyloric "sphincter"; it is sometimes demarcated from the second part of the pyloric part of the stomach (pyloric canal) by a slight groove.
Synonym(s): antrum pyloricum [TA], antrum (2) [TA], lesser cul-de-sac
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

py·lor·ic an·trum

(pī-lōr'ik an'trŭm) [TA]
The initial portion of the pyloric part of the stomach, which may temporarily become partially or completely shut off from the remainder of the stomach during digestion by peristaltic contraction of the prepyloric "sphincter"; it is sometimes demarcated from the second part of the pyloric part of the stomach (pyloric canal) by a slight groove.
Synonym(s): antrum (2) .
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Male-to-female ratio in duodenal ulcer patients was 3.33: 1 and was 2.2: 1 in carcinoma pyloric antrum suggesting predominance of disease in males.
37.5% of patients with carcinoma pyloric antrum belonged to 'A' blood group.
In our study conducted over a period of two years the incidence of Carcinoma pyloric antrum and cicatrised duodenal ulcer were equal (17 patients), while in study by Harold Ellis [5] series and Balint Spence [6] series incidence of gastric outlet obstruction secondary to cicatrised duodenal ulcer was more common than Carcinoma pyloric antrum.
(13) corroborating the same data from western nations, (14) however, in our study pyloric antrum was the commonest site (60%) in both the sexes & no significant increase in the incidence of proximal cancers (13%) was noted, though GE Junction cancers were not included in the study.
In our study, 38 cases out of 60 dyspeptic patients gave positive rapid urease test with pyloric antrum biopsy specimens 89.4%) cases by RUT were positive within % hour, 5.2% took up to 1 hour and remaining 5.2% case become positive within 1-1/2 hours, none of case took more than 1% hours in 38 positive cases.
In our study, 38 cases out of 60 dyspeptic patients gave positive rapid urease test with pyloric antrum biopsy specimens 89.4% cases by RUT were positive within Vi hour, 5.2% took up to 1 hour and remaining 5.2% case become positive within 1 % Vi hours, none of case took more than 1 % hours in 38 positive cases.
Serum Electrolytes: In present series, all cases were subjected to serum electrolyte estimation, out of them 11(61.1%) of duodenal ulcer and 9(28.1%) patients of carcinoma pyloric antrum showed electrolyte imbalance.
The incidence of gastric outlet obstruction secondary to carcinoma pyloric antrum is 35% in Abdul Samad et al series, (4) which is less than present series.
DISCUSSION: IN our study conducted over a period of two years, the incidence of Carcinoma pyloric antrum and cicatrized duodenal ulcer were equal (17 patients), while in study by Harold Ellis [5] series and Balint Spence [6] series incidence of gastric outlet obstruction secondary to cicatrized duodenal ulcer was more common than Carcinoma Pyloric Antrum.