putrefaction


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Related to putrefaction: intestinal putrefaction

putrefaction

 [pu″trĕ-fak´shun]
enzymatic decomposition, especially of proteins, with the production of foul-smelling compounds, such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and mercaptans. adj., adj putrefac´tive.

pu·tre·fac·tion

(pyū'trĕ-fak'shŭn),
Decomposition or rotting, the breakdown of organic matter usually by bacterial action, resulting in the formation of other substances of less complex constitution with the evolution of ammonia or its derivatives and hydrogen sulfide; characterized usually by the presence of toxic or malodorous products.
Synonym(s): decay (2) , decomposition
[L. putre-facio, pp. -factus, to make rotten]

putrefaction

(pyo͞o′trə-făk′shən)
n.
1. Decomposition of organic matter, especially protein, by microorganisms, resulting in production of foul-smelling matter.
2. An amount of putrefied matter or an odor produced by such matter.

infanticide

Forensic medicine The active or semi-passive killing of a viable conceptus > 20 gestational wks, which breathes spontaneously. See Battered child syndrome, Child abuse. Cf Stillbirth.
Infanticide, diagnosis of  
'Hard' criteria
•  Comparison of gastric fluid composition with that of a toilet bowel-active drowning
•  Peural surfaces with petechiae Seen in induced suffocation, most significant when coupled with hematomas and petechiae on the mouth and epiglottis; the lingual frenulum may be torn and the lips bruised, indicating active attempts to suffocate infant.
•  Lungs Stillbirth lungs are not aerated and do not float
•  Edematous foam on nostrils An indicator of active breathing
•  Meconium Resuscitation of a true stillborn may push meconium into the perianal region, but extensive staining of the placenta and umbilical cord is due to antenatal stress
'Soft' criteria
•  Denial of pregnancy If the woman is obese or a dullard, she may not know she was pregnant
•  Rigor mortis A finding that is poorly appreciated in neonates
•  Impression of the body in soil, blood, or fomites, requiring diligent and timely scene investigation
•  Maceration of skin A finding typical of stillbirth
•  Putrefaction Stillborns do not putrefy as they have sterile bowels
•  Umbilical cord A cut cord indicates active intervention-time undetermined; an intact cord is consistent with stillbirth
•  Determination of age Viability, most fetuses born before 18 wks of gestation die despite resuscitative efforts, age is determined by skeletal dating, antenatal studies corroborating fetal death, eg Spaulding sign of in utero death characterized by overlapping cranial bones  

pu·tre·fac·tion

(pyū'trĕ-fak'shŭn)
Decomposition or rotting, the breakdown of organic matter, usually by bacterial action, resulting in the formation of other substances of less complex constitution with the evolution of ammonia or its derivatives and hydrogen sulfide; characterized usually by the presence of toxic or malodorous products.
Synonym(s): decay (2) , decomposition.
[L. putre-facio, pp. -factus, to make rotten]

putrefaction

the decomposition of proteins, which gives rise to foul-smelling products.

pu·tre·fac·tion

(pyū'trĕ-fak'shŭn)
Decomposition or rotting, breakdown of organic matter usually by bacterial action, resulting in formation of other substances of less complex constitution with evolution of ammonia or its derivatives and hydrogen sulfide; characterized usually by presence of toxic or malodorous products.
Synonym(s): decay (3) .
[L. putre-facio, pp. -factus, to make rotten]
References in periodicals archive ?
This notion is extended by Karl Rosenkranz, for whom putrefaction "contains the process of death that is not merely a withering and dying, but rather an inverse becoming, an emergence of life out of what is already dead" (Menninghaus 132).
According to the broadly accepted scientific doctrine, this is the result of exploding carcasses: Putrefaction gases produced during the decomposition process cause the carcass to swell and burst.
De temps a autre, une odeur de cadavre en putrefaction empuantit l'atmosphere.
It is evidently not dead as decomposition and putrefaction do not take place.
The MP indicated that the rules of the political game have changed and for this reason it is only natural this putrefaction to take place.
Lister was aware of Pasteur's publications showing that putrefaction was caused by micro-organisms rather than exposure to air per se (Godlee 1924, Ellis 2001).
The internal collapse and putrefaction of the body give substance to this hollowness.
Imagine the investigators on CSI working without the modern tools of forensics: no DNA, no ballistics lab, not even a basic knowledge of putrefaction to establish time of death.
"The autopsy report says Hemraj's body was in an advanced state of putrefaction. I had just collected Arushi's ashes and saw it for only 30 seconds.
Only a third of the marinated meat was fresh, more than a half showed signs of putrefaction and around 15% was putrefied.
The current stalemate is another headline for the putrefaction of the current situation and the decay of the breaks preventing its transformation into a security and field collapse.
Even the unusually irenic Schaff could speak of the Eastern Church as in a "state of putrefaction" presenting to the world "the spectacle of a praying corpse" (127).