Mean +- Standard deviation (SD) were calculated for sperm count, volume, pus cells
, motility and morphology; 95 Percent Confidence interval was calculated for proportions and for means.
Our study showed that urine examination positive for increased pus cells
and/or red blood cells has only a moderate degree of sensitivity and specificity in detecting the urolithiasis in patients presenting with acute pain in the abdominal flank.
Presence of leucocytes or pus cells
was further confirmed by microscopic examination of urine under high power objective (400 x magnification) and reported in units of numbers of cells per high power field (n/HPF).
Microscopic analysis of urine showed pus cells
in 5 (45.
Inflammation means pus cells
were present which made the smear difficult to read.
do not yield viable Chlamydia and may carry contaimenants that will destroy the cell cultures.
In 20% only pus cells
seen, it may be due to technical error.
Stool microscopyat that occasion demonstrated numerous pus cells
but no red blood cells or parasite eggs.
Inclusion criteria was all adult (above 16) patients with diabetes mellitus and pyuria (more than 4 pus cells
/HPF) whose urine culture report was also available.
Microscopy revealed amorphous material consistent with necrotic spleen with a few pus cells
On direct smear examination after gram stain, clusters of staphylococci were seen along with plenty of pus cells
in 80% of cases.