purgative

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cathartic

 [kah-thahr´tik]
1. causing emptying of the bowels.
2. an agent that so acts; called also evacuant and purgative.
3. producing emotional catharsis.
bulk cathartic one stimulating bowel evacuation by increasing fecal volume.
lubricant cathartic one that acts by softening the feces and reducing friction between them and the intestinal wall.
saline cathartic one that increases fluidity of intestinal contents by retention of water by osmotic forces, and indirectly increases motor activity.
stimulant cathartic one that directly increases motor activity of the intestinal tract.

pur·ga·tive

(pŭr'gă-tiv),
An agent used for purging the bowels.
See also: cathartic (2).
[L. purgativus, purging]

purgative

(pûr′gə-tĭv)
adj.
Tending to cleanse or purge, especially causing evacuation of the bowels.
n.
A purgative agent or medicine; a cathartic.

laxative

Herbal medicine
A herb used to purge the bowels.

Examples
Cascara (Cascara sagrada), castor oil plant (Ricinus communis), flax seed (Linum usitatissimum), liquorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra), olive oil (Olea europaea), psyllium (Plantago psyllium), rhubarb (Rheum palmatum) and senna (Cassia acutifolia).

pur·ga·tive

(pŭr'gă-tiv)
An agent used for purging the bowels.
See also: cathartic (2)
[L. purgativus, purging]

purgative

A strong laxative drug.

pur·ga·tive

(pŭr'gă-tiv)
An agent used for purging the bowels.
[L. purgativus, purging]
References in periodicals archive ?
Purgatives are widely used for bowel cleansing (2).
However, it was later reported that additional enema use following colonic cleansing with purgatives was useless and caused patient discomfort (4).
If defecation does not take place after phosphate containing purgative ingestion, pooling of the fluid in the gut lumen can potentially increase phosphate absorption, leading to sudden and severe hypernatremia and hyperphosphatemia (5).
Risk factors for phosphate nephropathy in these patients are high basal serum phosphate levels, increased bowel transit time, need for high purgative dosages, increased tubular phosphate re-absorption, advanced age and the concurrent administration of some drugs.
The investigators noted in their poster presentation that they excluded patients who used purgatives for reasons other than screening colonoscopy, as well as those who had end-stage renal disease.
It was concluded from the study that lantana ingestion lead to gross rumen microbial inactivity in sheep and combined treatment comprising fluid therapy, activated charcoal, purgative, rumen rejuvenator and liver tonics was successful for improved fermentation activity of microbial population.
D'autre part, les populations de ces zones purgatives sont, de plus en plus, mal a l'aise a l'idee de savoir que leur bled n'est autre qu'un camp d'exil pour [beaucoup moins que] les fauteurs [beaucoup plus grand que].
Its main use is in masking foul medicines, especially purgatives, where it has anti-griping qualities.
Markets for these citrate salts include dietary supplements, pharmaceutical medications, fortification for fruit juices, soy and milk products, food preservatives, water softeners, and purgatives for diagnostic or surgical procedures.
Analogous to Paracelsus' notions of protomicrobiological conception or disease as a malign, invading enemy, a toxic substance whose antidote could include homeopathic poison or purgatives, are discourses of social pathology which frame the "foreign bodies" that gave early modern writers focus for their political worries: Catholics, Jews, and witches.
see defect and disintegration; or we can use these glyphic tests as purgatives and cordials by which to 'rectify / Nature' and those epitomes of nature they help us learn we are" (98-99).
APERIENT: This oil has mild purgative properties and is safe to use too.