PUN

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PUN

Abbreviation for:
plasma urea nitrogen
patient unmet needs
References in periodicals archive ?
7) Admittedly, these quantities look relatively modest when compared to the overall punning output of such stock figures as clowns (e.
Distribution of punning and non-punning discourse of ladies-in-waiting and selected other stock figures LADIES-IN-WAITING CLOWN PAGE JESTER Lucetta Margaret Maria Lance Speed Feste WORDS 548 1226 1852 1474 2470 PUNS 47 40 43 70 63 65 PUN-TO-WORD 8.
A close investigation of the entire punning discourse of these female figures makes it possible to conclude that the only category of punning partners they share are ladies (their own, in the case of Lucetta and Maria), which renders this configuration of interlocutors particularly intriguing.
Referring back to the most prevalent participant composition, it may come as a surprise that waiting women get involved in punning games with (their) ladies, given the appreciable social distance between the two categories of females.
On the evidence of the entire punning discourse in the three plays under scrutiny, the strong presence of music in verbal humour is highly gender-specific, it being fairly frequent among females and absent from all-male exchanges.
It is, however, not only the careful selection of punning strategy but also of the puns themselves which is apparently necessary, if verbal play between the lady-in-waiting and her social superior is to be possible.
Secondly and more importantly, the process of selecting data from Shakespeare's texts is beset with difficulties arising from appreciable temporal distance, separating his plays from their modern recipients, which affects language materially, blurring the true picture of the playwright's punning practices.
18) Furthermore, the reader needs to reckon with the practice of deliberate phonetic manipulation intended for punning purposes, where regular pronunciations of the day are abandoned in favour of substandard varieties of dialectal or vulgar provenance (Delabastita 1993: 85; Kokeritz 1953: 65-66), which markedly obscures the overall picture of Shakespeare's homophony.
13)) and (ii) often admit insufficient semantic distance between them, upsetting the final punning effect.
To make things worse, in both Kokeritz (1953) and Ellis (1973) the term "homonymic" puns is synonymous not only with the present understanding of "homophonic" but also "nonpolysemic (homonymic)" punning.
The multiplicity of punning forms there is largely the consequence of the specificity of the English language which was undergoing sweeping changes in the Elizabethan era, principally lexical (such as the importation of Romance loan-words).
Accordingly, the preponderance of homonymous puns, as evinced in the study, seems to run counter to a prevailing opinion on punning in the play as a carefree and naive experimentation with words which lacks refinement, commonly ascribed to Shakespeare's riper writing.