Punch-drunk syndrome | definition of punch-drunk syndrome by Medical dictionary
Boxers’ encephalopathy refers to the constellation of major neuropsychologic defects in amateur and career boxers—affecting 10–20% of the latter group—and is the cumulative result of recurrent brain damage and progressive communicating hydrocephalus due to extrapyramidal and cerebellar lesions. Wechsler and Bender Gestalt testing reveals variable organic mental disease and impaired short-term memory, dysarthria, nystagmus, reasoning ability, and motor skills. Acute boxing injuries include cerebral oedema, ischemia, and temporal or uncal herniation
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punch-drunk syndrome Boxer's encephalopathy, dementia pugilistica Neurology A syndrome affecting 10–20% of professional boxers, which is the cumulative result of recurrent brain damage and progressive communicating hydrocephalus due to extrapyramidal and cerebellar lesions that translate into dysarthria, ataxia, tremors, pyramidal lesions–causing mental deterioration and personality changes–eg, rage reaction and morbid jealousy–'Othello syndrome'. See Boxing. Cf Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Torture, Vascular dementia.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive
Originally, CTE was most associated with boxers and was diagnosed as far back as 1928 when it was called "punch-drunk syndrome
" because boxers experienced symptoms such as an unsteady gait, slowed movement, confusion, and speech problems.
The boxer had been diagnosed with dementia pugilistica - more commonly known as punch-drunk syndrome
- which is thought to affect up to 20% of boxers who retire after long careers.