pulp capping


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Related to pulp capping: pulpectomy, pulpotomy, indirect pulp capping

capping

 [kap´ing]
1. the provision of a protective or obstructive covering.
2. the movement of cell surface antigens into a small region (cap) on the cell surface owing to the cross-linking of antigens by specific antibody.
3. the covering of tooth cusps weakened by caries with a protective metal overlay.
4. colloquial term for replacement of the crown of a natural tooth with an artificial crown (cap).
pulp capping the covering of an exposed dental pulp with some material to provide protection against external influences and to encourage healing.

pulp capping

The technique and material for covering and protecting from external conditions a vital, exposed pulp while the pulp heals and secondary or tertiary dentin forms to cover it.
Synonym: capping (1)
See also: capping
References in periodicals archive ?
Afterwards many studies have demonstrated MTA to be a predictable pulp capping material.3,4 MTA elicits dentinal bridge induction faster than CaOH, resulting in pulpal healing and high success rates in clinical procedures.2-3,6
On the first day after pulp capping with Ca[(OH).sub.2], the cavity floor was densely filled by scattered granular structures overlying a proliferation of the normal cellular zone of the pulp (Table 1).
Where removal of all dental caries would lead to a small pulp exposure, 9/14 taught indirect pulp capping, the remainder teaching the student to perform a vital pulpotomy.
In 1995 Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) was introduced as direct pulp capping agent in Loma Lind University.
Direct pulp capping is a treatment for exposed vital pulp involving the placement of a dental material over the exposed area to facilitate both the formation of protective barrier and the mainte- nance of vital pulp.
Direct pulp capping is important to avoid more invasive and resource-intensive procedures of conventional root canal treatment.
Marques, "Cytotoxicity of substances leached or dissolved from pulp capping materials," International Endodontic Journal, vol.
Fernandes et al., "Immunolocalization of dentin matrix protein-1 in human primary teeth treated with different pulp capping materials," Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, vol.
The results of in vivo studies on dogs showed that as pulp capping materials, MTA and CEM showed similar favorable biological outcomes, and both better than CH especially in terms of inducing the formation of the dentinal bridge (56).
Recently, a bioactive glass-incorporated light-curable pulp capping material (pulp regenerative material, Activa[TM] Bioactive, Pulpdent, Watertown, MA, USA) has been introduced as the first bioactive dental product approved by the FDA in terms of bioactivity for indirect pulp capping materials; it provides quick setting times of less than 20 s for clinical convenience and biomineralization ability for hard tissue regeneration, and it has excellent biocompatibility [9].
(1) These materials are largely used in endodontic treatments; however, they can also be used in restorative dentistry, including direct pulp capping. (1, 2)