pulp canal

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a relatively narrow tubular passage or channel.
adductor canal Hunter's canal.
Alcock's canal a tunnel formed by a splitting of the obturator fascia, which encloses the pudendal vessels and nerve.
alimentary canal see alimentary canal.
anal canal the terminal portion of the alimentary canal, from the rectum to the anus.
atrioventricular canal the common canal connecting the primordial atrium and ventricle; it sometimes persists as a congenital anomaly.
birth canal the canal through which the fetus passes in birth.
carotid canal one in the pars petrosa of the temporal bone, transmitting the internal carotid artery to the cranial cavity.
cervical canal the part of the uterine cavity lying within the cervix.
condylar canal an occasional opening in the condylar fossa for transmission of the transverse sinus; called also posterior condyloid foramen.
canal of Corti a space between the outer and inner rods of Corti.
femoral canal the cone-shaped medial part of the femoral sheath lateral to the base of Gimbernat's ligament.
haversian canal any of the anastomosing channels of the haversian system in compact bone, containing blood and lymph vessels, and nerves.
Hunter's canal a fascial tunnel in the middle third of the medial part of the thigh, containing the femoral vessels and saphenous nerve. Called also adductor canal.
hypoglossal canal an opening in the occipital bone, transmitting the hypoglossal nerve and a branch of the posterior meningeal artery; called also anterior condyloid foramen.
infraorbital canal a small canal running obliquely through the floor of the orbit, transmitting the infraorbital vessels and nerve.
inguinal canal the oblique passage in the lower anterior abdominal wall on either side, through which passes the round ligament of the uterus in the female, and the spermatic cord in the male.
medullary canal
optic canal a passage for the optic nerve and ophthalmic artery at the apex of the orbit; called also optic foramen.
pulp canal root canal.
root canal that part of the pulp cavity extending from the pulp chamber to the apical foramen. Called also pulp canal.
sacral canal the continuation of the spinal canal through the sacrum.
Schlemm's canal venous sinus of sclera.
semicircular c's see semicircular canals.
spinal canal (vertebral canal) the canal formed by the series of vertebral foramina together, enclosing the spinal cord and meninges.
Volkmann's c's canals communicating with the haversian canals, for passage of blood vessels through bone.

root ca·nal of tooth

the chamber of the dental pulp lying within the root portion of a tooth.

pulp canal

the space occupied by the nerves, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels in the radicular part of the tooth. The internal anatomy of the tooth progresses apically from the pulp chamber to pulp canal to the apex. Also called root canal.

root ca·nal of tooth

(rūt kă-nal' tūth) [TA]
The chamber of the dental pulp lying within the root portion of a tooth.
Synonym(s): canalis radicis dentis [TA] , cavity of tooth, pulp canal (1) , pulp canal (2) .


(ka-nal') [L. canalis, channel]
A narrow tube, channel, tunnel, or passageway. See: duct; foramen; groove; space

adductor canal

A connective tissue channel, through which the femoral artery, femoral vein, and saphenous nerve pass inside the lower half of the inner thigh between the femoral triangle and the popliteal fossa. The channel is surrounded by the vastus medialis, adductor longus, and adductor magnus muscles, and it is covered by the sartorius muscle.
Synonym: Hunter canal; subsartorial canal

Alcock canal

Pudendal canal. See: Alcock canal

alimentary canal

The digestive tract from the mouth through the anus.

alveolar canal

In the skull, any of the two or three channels leading from small holes along the middle of the infratemporal surface of the maxilla. These channels transmit the posterior superior alveolar blood vessels and nerves, which supply the upper molars and their surrounding gums.
Synonym: superior alveolar canal ; maxillary canal
Enlarge picture

anal canal

The 4 cm long terminal section of the large intestine, beginning where the rectum passes downward and forward through the pelvic diaphragm and ending in the anus. The entire length of the anal canal is surrounded by sphincter muscles, and the canal remains closed except during defecation and passage of flatus.
See: illustration

Arnold canal

See: Arnold, Friedrich

atrioventricular canal

In the embryo, the segment of the heart tube between the developing atria and ventricles. This segment will eventually give rise to the mitral and tricuspid valves and to portions of the interatrial and interventricular septa.

auditory canal

Either the external auditory canal or the internal auditory canal.
See: external auditory canal ; internal auditory canal

birth canal

The passageway comprising the cervix, vagina, and vulva, through which the products of conception, including the fetus, pass during labor and birth.

bony semicircular canal

Any of several canals located in the bony labyrinth of the internal ear and enclosing the three semicircular ducts (superior, posterior, and lateral) that open into the vestibule. They are enclosed within the petrous portion of the temporal bone.

carotid canal

The channel followed by the internal carotid artery (and its accompanying sympathetic nerves) as it passes through the bone of the skull. The oval external opening is in the petrous portion of the temporal bone just in front of the opening to the jugular canal. The carotid canal runs forward until, passing over the foramen lacerum, it turns up and opens into the middle cranial fossa along a groove at the base of the sella turcica.

central canal of bone

The Haversian canal of an osteon.

central canal of neural tube

The central lumen of the neural tube of the embryo. It is lined by the foot-processes of radial glial cells. Later, the central canal of the neural tube will become the ependyma-lined ventricles of the brain and the central canal of the medulla of the brainstem.

central canal of spinal cord

The remnant of the lumen of the neural tube. Largely obliterated in the adult spinal cord.

cervical canal

The passageway through the center of the cervix.

Cloquet canal

See: Cloquet canal

cochlear canal

Within the petrous portion of the temporal bone of the skull, the spiral space forming the outer wall the cochlea. This canal is a short spiral bony tube. Three fluid-filled, membranous tubes spiral fill the cochlear canal: the cochlear duct, containing the auditory receptor cells (the organ of Corti), is sandwiched between the scala vestibuli above and the scala tympani below. The cochlear canal is one segment of an interconnected series of bone cavities called the bony (osseus) labyrinth, which encloses the vestibulo-cochlear sensory apparatus of the inner ear. See: cochlea

condylar canal

A hole in the occipital bone of the skull for passage of the emissary vein from the transverse sinus. It opens anterior to the occipital condyle.

canal of Corti

See: Corti

craniopharyngeal canal

In the embryo, a temporary tubular space in the cartilage of the base of the sphenoid bone, enclosing the developing pituitary gland.

dental canal

Any of the channels in the maxilla (alveolar canals) or mandible (mandibular canals) through which pass the nerves and blood vessels to the teeth and the surrounding gums.

Dorello canal

See: Dorello canal

ethmoidal canal

Either of two grooves running transversely across the lateral mass of the ethmoid bone to the cribriform plate and lying between the ethmoid and frontal bones. The anterior ethmoidal canal transmits the anterior ethmoidal vessels and the nasociliary nerve; the posterior ethmoidal canal transmits the posterior ethmoidal vessels and nerve.

external auditory canal

The open, tubular passageway from the pinna (auricle) of the ear to the tympanic membrane (ear drum). It is lined by thin, sensitive skin, which continues as the outer covering of the tympanic membrane. Its outer edge is a channel in the temporal bone of the skull. The cartilage inside the pinna extends as a middle layer between the skin and the bone in the first third of the canal.
See: external auditory meatus

facial canal

The tunnel followed by the facial nerve through the temporal bone. Inside the skull, the facial canal begins in the internal auditory canal; outside the skull, it ends at the stylomastoid foramen. Within the bone, the canal makes two bends as it bypasses the inner ear. The first bend houses the geniculate ganglion, which sends sensory axons toward the brainstem as the intermediate component of the facial nerve. Near the second bend, the facial nerve gives off a branch to the stapedius muscle. In the final segment of the canal, the facial nerve gives off the chorda tympani nerve; thus, only motor axons remain as the facial nerve exits the canal.

fallopian canal

A canal in the petrous portion of the temporal bone. The facial nerve passes through it.
Synonym: aqueductus Fallopii

femoral canal

1. The medullary (central) canal inside the shaft of the femoral bone.
2. The most medial compartment of the femoral sheath. A femoral hernia is a bulge of intestine that has been pushed down into the femoral canal through its upper opening, the femoral ring.

gastric canal

A longitudinal groove extending from the esophagus to the pylorus on the inner surface of the stomach following the lesser curvature.

Guyon canal

See: Guyon canal

Haversian canal

In compact bone, tiny channels in the center of concentric cylinders of mineralized tissue. Nerves and blood vessels run through these channels, all of which interconnect. Each Haversian canal is the center of an osteon. See: bone; Havers, Clopton

Huguier canal

See: Huguier canal

Hunter canal

Adductor canal. See: Hunter canal

Huschke canal

See: Huschke, Emil

hyaloid canal

Canalis hyaloideus; a canal in the vitreous body of the eye extending from the optic papilla to the central posterior surface of the lens. It serves as a lymph channel. In the fetus the canal contains the hyaloid artery. This normally disappears 6 weeks before birth.

hypoglossal canal

A hole in the skull, just above the foramen magnum in the occipital bone, through which the hypoglossal nerve and a branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery pass.
Synonym: anterior condyloid foramen

inferior alveolar canal

Mandibular canal.

infraorbital canal

An anterior-posterior bony canal or groove in the floor of the orbit. The infraorbital artery and nerve run in this canal, which opens anteriorly as the infraorbital foramen.
Enlarge picture

inguinal canal

A tube made of the transversalis fascia and the aponeuroses of the abdominal wall muscles just above the inguinal ligament. The inguinal canal is a cylindrical passageway 4 cm long from the retroperitoneal space to the subcutaneous fascia. It begins at the deep (internal) inguinal ring inside the abdominal wall, approx. halfway between the anterior superior spine of the iliac bone and the pubic symphysis, 0.50 in (1.25 cm) above the inguinal ligament. It continues downward and toward the midline, and it ends at the superficial (external) inguinal ring under the skin at the pubic crest. The inguinal canal contains an outpouching of the peritoneum, blood and lymph vessels, and the ilioinguinal nerve. In males, it contains the spermatic cord; in females, it contains the round ligament of the uterus.

interdental canal

Hirschfeld canal.

internal auditory canal

The tunnel in the petrous portion of the temporal bone through which the vestibulocochlear and facial nerves exit the cranial cavity.
Synonym: meatus acusticus internus

intestinal canal

The alimentary canal from the stomach to the anus.

lacrimal canal

Nasolacrimal canal.

canal of Lambert

Any of several bronchoalveolar communications in the lung. These may help to prevent atelectasis.

mandibular canal

The channel inside the body of the mandible through which the inferior alveolar blood vessels and nerve pass to supply the lower teeth and gums. Synonym: inferior alveolar canal

mandibular incisive canal

The final segment of the mandibular canal, containing the nerves and blood vessels for the lower incisors and surrounding gums.

maxillary canal

Alveolar canal.

maxillary incisive canal

One of the two channels connecting the incisive fossa (incisive foramen), in the palate behind the upper incisors, and the nasal floor. It contains the nasal terminations of the greater palatine artery and nasopalatine nerve.

medullary canal

The marrow cavity of long bones.

membranous semicircular canal

A semicircular duct.
See: semicircular duct

nasolacrimal canal

A small bony passageway in the skull inside the medial wall of the orbit between the lacrimal bone and the maxilla. Its top opens into the nasolacrimal fossa, a bony depression in lower medial corner of the front of the orbit. Its bottom opens into the nasal cavity under the inferior nasal concha. It contains the membranous nasolacrimal duct, which drains tears from the eye. Synonym: lacrimal canal

neurenteric canal

A temporary canal in the vertebrate embryo between the neural and intestinal tubes. It is the temporary communication between cavities of the yolk sac and the amnion.

Nuck canal

See: Nuck canal

nutrient canal

In bone, a tiny tubular space filled by vessels and nerves running to and from the osteons and the other basic metabolic and growth units.
See: bone

obturator canal

An opening in the obturator membrane of the hip bone that transmits the obturator vessels and nerve.

optic canal

In the skull, a roughly spherical opening through the lesser wing of the sphenoid bone connecting the middle cranial fossa and the superior-medial edge of the back of the orbit. The optic nerve and the ophthalmic artery pass through the optic canal.
Synonym: optic foramen

greater palatine canal

In the skull, a thin vertical channel between the nasal surface of the maxillary bone and the perpendicular plate of the palatine bone that contains the greater (anterior) and lesser (middle and posterior) palatine nerves and the greater and lesser palatine vessels.

pericardioperitoneal canal

Pleuroperitoneal canal.

Petit canal

See: Petit, François Pourfour du

pharyngeal canal

A canal between the sphenoid and palatine bones that transmits branches of the sphenopalatine vessels.

pleuroperitoneal canal

A tubular space extending ventrally and laterally from the coelom inside each half of the embryo and destined to form the pleural cavity for the lung.
Synonym: pericardioperitoneal canal

portal canal

The connective tissue (a continuation of Glisson capsule) and its contained vessels (interlobular branches of the hepatic artery, portal vein, and bile duct and lymphatic vessel) located between adjoining liver lobules.

pterygoid canal

In the skull, a small horizontal channel beginning inside the canal of the foramen lacerum (in the middle cranial fossa), passing through the root of the pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone, and opening into the pterygopalatine fossa behind and below the medial wall of the orbit. It transmits the pterygoid nerve and vessels to the pterygopalatine ganglion.
Synonym: vidian canal

pterygopalatine canal

Canalis palatinus major, a canal between the maxillary and palatine bones that transmits the descending palatine nerves and artery.

pudendal canal

A tunnel inside the obturator fascia along the lower pelvic surface of the internal obturator muscle and running along the inner lower edge of the ramus of the ischium. It contains the pudendal nerve and vessels.
Synonym: Alcock canal

pulp canal

Root canal (1).

pyloric canal

The cavity inside constricted region of the pyloric segment of the stomach that opens through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum.

Rivinus canal

See: Rivinus, August Quirinus

root canal

1. The channel inside the tooth that extends from the pulp chamber to the apical foramen. It contains arteries, veins, lymphatic vessels, and sensory nerve endings. Synonym: pulp canal
2. Colloquially, the procedure for preserving a tooth by removing its diseased pulp cavity.

sacral canal

The continuation of the vertebral canal into the sacrum.

canal of Schlemm

See: canal of Schlemm

semicircular canal

One of the three perpendicular tubular hollows, each forming two-thirds of a circle, that extend from the vestibule of the labyrinth in the inner ear. The semicircular canals are the bony shells that contain the similarly shaped semicircular ducts, membranous sensory organs that detect the angular acceleration and the orientation of the head.

spinal canal

Vertebral canal.

spiral canal of the cochlea

Cochlear spiral canal.

spiral canal of the modiolus

Canalis spiralis modioli; a series of irregular spaces that follow the course of the attached margin of the osseous spiral lamina to the modiolus. They transmit filaments of the cochlear nerve and blood vessels. The spiral ganglion lies in the spiral canal.

subsartorial canal

Adductor canal.

superior alveolar canal

Alveolar canal.

uterine canal

The cavity of the uterus.

uterocervical canal

The cavity of the cervix of the uterus.

uterovaginal canal

The combined cavities of the uterus and vagina.

vaginal canal

The cavity of the vagina. The vaginal walls can expand but are normally in contact with each other; thus, this cavity is a potential space.

vertebral canal

The continuous channel through the central foramina in the vertebrae, which contains the spinal cord and the spinal nerve roots in their meningeal coverings.
Synonym: spinal canal

vidian canal

Pterygoid canal.

Volkmann canals

See: Volkmann canals

root ca·nal of tooth

(rūt kă-nal' tūth) [TA]
Chamber of the dental pulp lying within root portion of tooth.
Synonym(s): marrow canal, pulp canal.


any soft, juicy animal or vegetable tissues, e.g. citrus pulp.

pulp canal
root canal.
pulp cap
pulp of the feather produced inside the calamus by the follicular tissue. The pulp protrudes through the aperture in the wall of the shaft and forms the external pulp caps. Internal pulp caps are formed within the calamus.
pulp cavity
the pulp chamber and the root canal in a tooth.
pulp chamber
the cavity at the center of the tooth which contains most of the pulp.
dental pulp
see dental pulp.
pulp polyp
superficial hyperplasia of dental pulp, usually after exposure due to injury such as fracture of a tooth.
red pulp, splenic pulp
the dark reddish brown substance filling the interspaces of the splenic sinuses.
tooth pulp
dental pulp.
white pulp
sheaths of lymphatic tissue surrounding the arteries of the spleen.

Patient discussion about pulp canal

Q. How much does a root canal hurt? I have to get a root canal for my bottom tooth. I was wondering how much they hurt. And do you have any suggestions that help distract from the pain? Thanks.

A. i did one about two years ago- even the injection wasn't too bad! didn't feel a thing. but after the anesthesia worn off it hurt. but then the dentist told me to take Advil or any other NSAID and it helped.

More discussions about pulp canal
References in periodicals archive ?
Fine, sinuous dentine tubules extend from the pulp depression and pulp canal to the anterior; higher in the crown they turn vertically towards the crown surface (Pl.
Main median and two to three lateral pulp canals enter into the posterior spines and extend nearly to the posterior end of the spine (Pl.
One main and up to three lateral pulp canals on both sides of trunk scales; fine dentine canal openings evenly distributed in pulp depression in transitional scales.
The number of side pulp canals depends on the number of crown ridges--up to three on either side of the main medial one (Pl.
1 mm; pulp cavity deep or overgrown; pulp canal absent; dentine tubules simple, straight, distributed densely in crown, sparsely in neck and in upper part of base.
Medium-sized thelodonts; cephalothorax long with slim triangular pectoral flaps; scales small to medium-sized with spine-, keel-, lance- or leaf-like crowns with one to three posterior apices; base elliptical, relatively low, situated anteriorly; neck low, as distinct groove on posterior of scale but often indistinct on anterior; one large pulp cavity; short pulp canal sometimes present; dentine tubules usually very long, relatively narrow and straight; leading edges of fins covered with more robust and large scales.
20); base oval to rhomboidal, up to half as long as crown, situated anteriorly; pulp opening oval to slit-like; pulp canal present; dentine tubules long, narrow, straight to sinuous, opening into pulp cavity and canal.
28 mm), rhomboidal, with flat crown surface, slightly bent down anteriorly; anterior margin of crown smoothly rounded, widest at midlength and tapered posteriorly to sharp median point; sculpture of 4-9 fine, sharp-crested, longitudinal ridges separated by low furrows; neck as relatively high and very thin wall, covered with fine striation posteriorly; base very low; pulp cavity deep; pulp canal short; dentine tubules in crown relatively simple, straight, narrow, branching on 3-4 levels, distributed subradially.
28 mm), longest axis vertical or angulated; ridges smooth and gently sloping, separated by wide grooves; medial area consisting of pair of bifurcating ridges separated by deep, short median groove; both lateral areas with wide, smooth, shallow groove and lateral downstepped ridge; ridges either smooth or with narrow furrows; posterior margin of crown with three points; neck distinct; base much wider than neck, rounded, as shallow or deep wall around rounded pulp cavity or pulp opening; pulp cavity continuing upwards as pulp canal; dentine tubules long, rising anterior to cavity or pulp canal, straight closer to base, curving knee-like posteriorly in middle portion of crown; strong criss-crossed aspidine "pegs" in base.
25 mm); crown oval, waterdrop-like or triangular, smooth, mainly flat; lateral rims downstepped, terminating posteriorly at right angle to long axis of scale; thin anchor-like structure lying posteriorly beneath crown; pulp opening large to small, rounded, situated posteriorly in base; pulp canal short, narrow, rising into posterior part of crown; dentine tubules very fine, extending from pulp canal radially towards crown sides; "anchors" with few dentine tubules; base criss-crossed by relatively wide aspidine "pegs".