pulmonary nocardiosis

pulmonary nocardiosis

Nocardiosis Pulmonology A lung infection caused by a gram-positive fungus-like bacterium, Nocardia asteroides, acquired through inhalation, which cause pneumonia-like illness; it responds poorly to antibiotics, spreading to the brain and subcutaneous tissue Risk factors Immunosuppression, long-term corticosteroid therapy
References in periodicals archive ?
Pulmonary nocardiosis is an opportunistic infection, especially in immunocompromised patients.
In fact, pulmonary nocardiosis, which mostly affects immunocompromised patients, is the most frequent clinical manifestation of Nocardia infection (4).
Alcoholism and chronic lung disease are two important risk factors for pulmonary nocardiosis.
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary nocardiosis is an infrequent but severe infection difficult to be diagnosed and mistaken for other lung diseases that commonly presents as a subacute or chronic suppurative disease, mimicking a lung carcinoma, abscess or pulmonary tuberculosis.
Pulmonary nocardiosis in a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease--case report and literature review.
Nowadays nocardiosis occurs more frequently in patients with weak immune systems and the most common form is pulmonary nocardiosis, displaying symptoms that mimic tuberculosis, but requiring a different type of treatment.
Immunocompetent patients with pulmonary nocardiosis should also undergo radiographic evaluation to exclude CNS infection.
Pulmonary nocardiosis is an important cause of opportunistic infection in immunosuppressed patients, and the incidence of this infection is increasing.
Shailaja et al (24) have reported incidence of 1% pulmonary nocardiosis in HIV positive case.