pulmonary nocardiosis

pulmonary nocardiosis

Nocardiosis Pulmonology A lung infection caused by a gram-positive fungus-like bacterium, Nocardia asteroides, acquired through inhalation, which cause pneumonia-like illness; it responds poorly to antibiotics, spreading to the brain and subcutaneous tissue Risk factors Immunosuppression, long-term corticosteroid therapy
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
If that panel was formed and HIV infection was diagnosed, then the case in question would truly widen the spectrum of Nocardiae species of HIV-associated pulmonary Nocardiosis; a rarely reported topic in the world's literature.
Pulmonary nocardiosis is an opportunistic infection, especially in immunocompromised patients.
Most cases of disseminated or pulmonary nocardiosis are associated with Nocardia asteroides and have also been previously described to be associated with COP.
At our institution, this was the first time MALDI-ToF had been used for rapid identification of pulmonary nocardiosis. This mass spectrometry methodology allowed for a significant reduction in the time to diagnosis (Figure 3).
In fact, pulmonary nocardiosis, which mostly affects immunocompromised patients, is the most frequent clinical manifestation of Nocardia infection (4).
Alcoholism and chronic lung disease are two important risk factors for pulmonary nocardiosis. The biggest challenge with nocardial infection is the difficulty to arrive at its definitive diagnosis due to scarcity of infection with this pathogen in immunocompetent hosts, as a result it is overlooked and mostly misdiagnosed as other pathology.
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary nocardiosis is an infrequent but severe infection difficult to be diagnosed and mistaken for other lung diseases that commonly presents as a subacute or chronic suppurative disease, mimicking a lung carcinoma, abscess or pulmonary tuberculosis.
Nowadays nocardiosis occurs more frequently in patients with weak immune systems and the most common form is pulmonary nocardiosis, displaying symptoms that mimic tuberculosis, but requiring a different type of treatment.
Pulmonary nocardiosis in a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease--case report and literature review.