pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome

pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome(s)

Any of the nonneoplastic and noninfectious pulmonary pathologies that present with hemoptysis–eg, Goodpasture syndrome, idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis, hemorrhagic vasculitides, hypersensitivity angiitis and Wegener's granulomatosis. See Goodpasture syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis.
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To the Editor: Severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome (SPHS) is a serious complication of Leptospira infection, a globally widespread bacterial zoonosis that is increasing in incidence in tropical and subtropical regions.
Case-fatality rates for Weil disease and severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome are >10% and >74%, respectively (4,5).
Leptospirosis-associated severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome, Salvador, Brazil.
We report the emergence of leptospirosis-associated severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome (SPHS) in slum communities in Salvador, Brazil.
However, the 1995 Nicaragua outbreak raised awareness for leptospirosis as the cause of a severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome (SPHS) (5).

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