pulmonary barotrauma


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.
Related to pulmonary barotrauma: mask squeeze

pulmonary barotrauma

Sports medicine Life-threatening barotrauma seen in divers Clinical Mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema produces changes in voice, dyspnea, dysphagia, supraclavicular crepitus, typical findings on chest and neck films; pneumothorax may cause abrupt pain, dyspnea Sequelae Arterial air embolism caused by passage of gas into pulmonary veins and thence to the systemic circulation; gas bubbles lodged in small arteries may occlude segments of the cerebral, coronary, and other systemic vascular beds, resulting in a stroke-like syndrome ranging from mild neurologic defects to collapse, unconsciousness, and death once the diver surfaces. See Barotrauma.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
There are several reports in medical literature of pulmonary barotrauma associated with apnoea testing (2-5).
Of the diving-related incidents, 12 followed rapid ascent as a result of inexperience or loss of air; these are presumed to have suffered pulmonary barotrauma with entrainment of air into the pulmonary veins.