Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare chronic infection and may cause cavitary lung lesions, lung nodules, or a pleural effusion.
Pulmonary actinomycosis in fine needle aspiration cytology.
To our knowledge, our case is the first report of both orbital and pulmonary actinomycosis
. All previously reported cases were only orbital actinomycosis.
, which can mimic a bronchogenic carcinoma , may present as a persistent pulmonary mass or consolidation with cavitations .
Although pulmonary actinomycosis
is thought to be more prevalent in developing countries, data from developing countries are scanty.
(9,24) Melgarejo Moreno et al (19) described the case of a woman with diabetes who presented with a 2-month history of hoarseness and cough, and Fernandez (24) reported the case of a 30-year-old woman with an actinomycotic lesion of the vocal fold and secondary pulmonary actinomycosis
. Fine needle aspiration diagnostic.
usually results from aspiration of infected material containing actinomyces.
Matthiessen et al., "Medical management of pulmonary actinomycosis
: data from 49 consecutive cases," Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol.
accounts for 15-20% total incidence of actinomycosis .