puerperal


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

puerperal

 [pu-er´per-al]
pertaining to a puerpera or to the puerperium.
puerperal fever an infectious, sometimes fatal, disease of childbirth; until the mid-19th century, this dreaded, then-mysterious illness could sweep through a hospital maternity ward and kill most of the new mothers. Today strict aseptic hospital techniques have made the condition uncommon in most parts of the world, except in unusual circumstances such as illegally induced abortion. Called also puerperal sepsis and childbed fever.

Puerperal fever results from an infection, usually streptococcal, originating in the birth canal and affecting the endometrium. This infection can spread throughout the body, causing septicemia. The preliminary symptoms are fever, chills, excessive bleeding, foul lochia, and abdominal and pelvic pain. In acute stages, the pain spreads to the legs and chest; complications may be serious or even fatal. Treatment consists mainly of administration of antibiotics, which in most instances promptly clear up the infection. If the disease has progressed to an acute stage before treatment begins, blood transfusions may be necessary.

pu·er·per·al

(pyū-er'pĕr-ăl), Avoid the mispronunciation pwerper-ăl.
Relating to the puerperium, or period after childbirth.
Synonym(s): puerperant (1)

puerperal

(pyo͞o-ûr′pər-əl)
adj.
Relating to, connected with, or occurring during childbirth or the period immediately following childbirth.

pu·er·per·al

(pyū-er'pĕr-ăl)
Relating to the puerperium, or period after childbirth.
Synonym(s): puerperant (1) .

pu·er·per·al

(pyū-er'pĕr-ăl)
Relating to the puerperium, or period after childbirth.
Synonym(s): puerperant (1) .
References in periodicals archive ?
Multiple response testing revealed that that the main puerperal complications in the OOH group were perineal injury (n=47/55, 85.50%) and infection (n=4/55, 7.30%); the predominant treatments were corrective perineal surgery and antibiotic therapy, respectively.
"We actually do usually start with an ultrasound evaluation in our patients with refractory puerperal fever, and 68% of this group did have one," Dr.
Cell counts vary during pregnancy period as well as during the puerperal phase.
Additionally, after the study period, we have had a few septic puerperal infections with a positive vaginal culture of Streptococcus G or C, including two cases of group G or C Streptococcus bacteremia.
Resta, entao, segundo o relator, averiguar se realmente a conduta perpetrada pela re se amolda ao tipo penal do artigo 123 do Codigo Penal (2003 [1940]): "matar, sob influencia do estado puerperal, o proprio filho, durante o parto ou logo apos".
For the continued use of crack by the puerperal mother, there are cases where they disappear from the hospital and are reluctant to care for the child.
Mortality rate was highest with post partum haemorrhage 19(9.69%), ante partum haemorrhage 13(6.63%), puerperal sepsis 8(4.08%), eclampsia 7(3.57%), ruptured uterus 6(3.06%).(Table-III).
The study revealed that 34 (68%) puerperas lacked knowledge regarding PPE and there were no educational programmes offered to them either at the clinic level during puerperal care or at the hospital after delivery.
Puerperal hematomas may be treated conservatively, surgically, or angiographic arterial embolization.
* Daily oral iron and folic acid supplementation with 30 mg to 60 mg of elemental iron and 400 ug (0.4 mg) folic acid for pregnant women to prevent maternal anaemia, puerperal sepsis, low birth weight, and preterm birth.