Pubic funds provided to persons and families whose income falls below certain federal poverty levels. See Aid to Families with Dependent Children, Child welfare Social medicine The constellation of public assistance programs for indigent families.
In Australia, housing allowances though Commonwealth Rent Assistance (CRA) outstripped public housing expenditure by 1998, with the gap widening so that by 2008 CRA expenditure was twice public housing expenditure (Figure 1).
Much of what economists had known up until recently about the links between concentrated poverty and crime came from studying changes in public housing in Chicago and a few other cities from the late 1970s to the late 1990s.
In Australia changes within policy texts from 'tenure-for-life' to 'time-limited' tenure for public housing tenants represent a struggle over setting the nodal points of a period of calendar time that cannot be resolved by investigating calendar time alone (Martin, 2006; NSW Government, 2005a).
The lower-cost housing stock, of course, bore no resemblance to what had been envisioned in the city's public housing program--racially integrated, democratically self-governed, and planned on a human scale.
Securing a location for social welfare facilities has always been a challenge, so Taipei City Government adopts a new practice where spaces on lower levels of public housing complexes can be allocated as venues for child day care, senior care, and community activities.