ptyalism


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Related to ptyalism: hyperemesis gravidarum

ptyalism

 [ti´ah-lizm]
excessive salivation; called also hypersalivation and sialorrhea.

si·a·lor·rhe·a

(sī'ă-lō-rē'ă),
Excessive flow of saliva. See: salivation.
[sialo- + G. rhoia, a flow]

ptyalism

(tī′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
Excessive flow of saliva.

si·a·lism

, sialismus (sī'ă-lizm, -liz'mŭs)
An excess secretion of saliva.
Synonym(s): ptyalism, salivation, sialorrhea, sialosis.
[G. sialismos]

ptyalism

Excessive salivation from any cause, such as mercury or organophosphorous poisoning, mouth irritation, OESOPHAGITIS or PEPTIC ULCER.
References in periodicals archive ?
(A) Right lateral and (B) ventrodorsal whole-body radiographs of an Amazon parrot that presented with acute onset of lethargy, ptyalism, and regurgitation.
Respondents noticed a relationship between ptyalism severity and diet.
A buffalo with one calving was presented with history of inability to swallow, repeated regurgitations, ptyalism and bloat since last two days.
Key words: sialocele, sialolith, ptyalism, salivation, sialorrhea, avian, bird, yellow-naped Amazon parrot, Amazona ochrocephala auropalliata
A 19-year-old, female, yellow-naped Amazon parrot was presented with a 1-year history of feather picking and an incidental 14-year history of ptyalism. Coprophagy had also been observed for an unspecified length of time, and the owners were unsure if this behavior had preceded the ptyalism.
This crusting on the feathers was attributed to ptyalism. No feathers were present under the wings, and few down feathers were present on the cranial aspect of both stifles.
Because of the lack of acceptable medical treatments available for chronic ptyalism and because the lesions were multifocal, no definitive treatment was given for the sialoceles or sialoliths.
Follow-up conversation with the owners 3 weeks after the initial presentation revealed that both the feather picking and the ptyalism had ceased.
Animals with sialoceles may be asymptomatic or present with ptyalism, dysphagia, or, rarely, dyspnea.
Because the patient's ptyalism was not especially troubling to either the patient or the owners, surgical resection was impractical.
The doe was dull, dehydrated and showing signs of ptyalism, dyspnoea, tachycardia, congested mucous membrane and bloat.
Oral trauma, dropped jaw, ptyalism, oedema and pain on mandible palpation (Roux, 2007) are the diagnostic clinical signs of the condition.