are an important food source for salmon, herring, mackerel, and other fish in the Pacific Ocean.
behaviour of a pteropod
mollusk by dopamine and serotonin.
, a valuable food source to both fish and birds, are one of the few species that build their shells from aragonite in the Antarctic Ocean.
Gelatinous phytoplanktonic organisms (jellyfish, siphonophores, ctenophores, pteropod
mollusks, salps [thaliaceans]) can change the ionic balance within their tissues and so regulate their buoyancy.
distribution patterns remain poorly described (Bednarsek et al.
Larvae of the pteropod
Cavolinia inflexa exposed to aragonite undersaturation are viable but shell-less.
A decline or relocation of the pteropod
population could spark a calamitous chain reaction throughout marine ecosystems.
But the captive pteropod
, Cline limacina, provides a chemical that protects them both, report biologists James B.
Little animals called pteropod
snails, or sea butterflies, living wild in the ocean have acid damage on their shells.
Modulation of swimming speed in the pteropod
mollusc, Clione limacina: role of a compartmental serotonergic system.
This is usually the case, since high acid levels, which help dissolve the pteropod
shells, are normally present only at great depths.
Shell growth rates of pteropod
and heteropod molluscs and aragonite production in the open ocean: implications for the marine carbonate system.