psychogenic polydipsia


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Related to psychogenic polydipsia: diabetes insipidus

psy·cho·gen·ic pol·y·dip·si·a

excessive fluid consumption resulting from a disorder of the personality, without demonstrable organic lesion.

psychogenic polydipsia

polydipsia

excessive thirst manifested by excessive water intake. The histories that accompany animal patients are often inaccurate on this point and should be qualified quantitatively.

compensatory polydipsia
one caused by an obligatory polyuria.
drug-induced polydipsia
diuretics, corticosteroids, salt, vitamin D, and megestrol acetate may cause a polyuria and, secondarily, a polydipsia.
primary polydipsia
excessive water drinking in hyperactive, stressed dogs. See also psychogenic diabetes insipidus.
psychogenic polydipsia
horses confined in a stall and having little or no exercise may drink excessively from boredom, up to three times normal amounts. It may also occur in dogs, apparently from psychological causes, with large amounts of water a day being consumed and a corresponding polyuria with a large volume of dilute urine produced. Yet, when water intake is restricted normal tubular function with concentration of urine is possible. See also psychogenic diabetes insipidus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Key words: psychogenic polydipsia, hyponatremia, seizure, psychiatric sequelae, anxiety symptoms
Psychogenic polydipsia (PPD) or self-induced water intoxication (i.
Differential diagnoses included Syndrome of Inappropriate Anti Diuretic Hormone (SIADH), diabetes insipidus, hyperthyroidism, and excess cortisol and psychogenic polydipsia were considered.
These findings rule out the possibility of organic causes and the patient was managed on the lines of psychogenic polydipsia (R63.
Psychogenic polydipsia may be associated with several psychiatric conditions including psychotic depression, bipolar disorder, and most commonly schizophrenia with up to 18% of patients displaying polydipsic behavior.
Considering that psychogenic polydipsia is commonly present, especially in psychiatric populations, a regular evaluation into water intake should be done so as to have an early diagnosis and intervention and avoid fatal complications like hyponatremia, seizures and coma.
Table 2 Hyponatremia: Differential diagnosis Hypovolemic Euvolemic hyponatremia Hypervolemic hyponatremia Vomiting Normal urinary Sodium Congestive heart failure Diarrhea Glucocorticoid deficiency Nephrotic syndrome Laxative Hypothyroidism abuse Cirrhosis Renal disease Certain drugs Nasogastric SIADH Suction Salt-wasting nephropathy Addison's Low urinary osmolality disease Psychogenic polydipsia Tea and toast' syndrome Beer potomania SIADH: syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone Source: Reference 5