psychogenic nonepileptic seizure


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psychogenic nonepileptic seizure

Abbreviation: PNES
The academically preferred term for
pseudoseizure.
See also: seizure
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Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNESs) are a condition resembling epileptic seizures but are not accompanied by a physiological disorder (2).
Many patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) dismiss the idea that their seizures are psychogenic, especially if the correct diagnosis comes after years of treatment for epilepsy.
Psychopathology and outcome in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures.
KEYWORDS psychogenic nonepileptic seizures, emotional processing, emotion regulation
Abbreviations: AED = antiepileptic drug, CBT = cognitive behavioral therapy, ECoE = Epilepsy Centers of Excellence, EEG = electroencephalogram, FY = fiscal year, ICD-9-CM = International Classification of Diseases-9th Revision-Clinical Modification, IOM = Institute of Medicine, OEF = Operation Enduring Freedom, OIF = Operation Iraqi Freedom, OND = Operation New Dawn, PBM = Pharmacy Benefits Management, PNES = psychogenic nonepileptic seizures, PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder, TBI = traumatic brain injury, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs, VHA = Veterans Health Administration, VSSC = VHA Support Service Center.
Induction of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures without placebo.
Table Characteristics of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures Characteristic Comment Duration May be prolonged Timing Usually occur only during the day Physical harm Rare Tongue biting Rare Urinary incontinence Rare Motor activity Prolonged Cyanosis No Postictal confusion Rare Related to medication changes No Interictal EEG Normal Ictal EEG Normal Presence of secondary gain Common EEG: electroencephalography Source: References 4, 10, 11, 13
Pseudoseizures (also referred to as psychogenic nonepileptic seizures, nonepileptic seizures, nonepileptic events, or psychogenic seizures) are seizures that resemble epileptic seizures, but do not result from an abnormal electrical discharge in the brain, as with epileptic seizures.
Washington, April 16 (ANI): Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can benefit patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), according to a new study.
Frequency of panic symptoms in psychogenic nonepileptic seizures.
Veterans are at higher risk for developing epilepsy than nonveterans because of an increased likelihood of traumatic brain injuries and post-traumatic stress disorder (4); these conditions are also associated with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (events caused by psychological distress that resemble seizures, but are not associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain).
Young people diagnosed with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures have significantly more medical, neurologic, and psychiatric diagnoses; use more medications and medical services, and report having experienced significantly more adversity than did their siblings, according to a study of the biopsychosocial risk factor profile of pediatric sufferers.