2) For details, see Martin van Creveld, The Rise and Decline of the State (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999); Norbert Elias, The Civilizing Process : Sociogenetic and Psychogenetic
lnvestigations (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2000); Anthony Giddens, The Nation-State and Violence (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987).
Elias's ideas are found in the second volume of his The Civilizing Process : Sociogenetic and Psychogenetic
Investigations (Oxford: Blackwell, 2000).
Without slighting Freud's psychogenetic
approach to the role of father, S.
The basic stratum of the personality and the associated underlying belief systems that hold it in place derive from a number of factors: the shadow aspects of parents; the same unresolved elements in the lives of grandparents (the ovum from which the mother sprang was already formed at eleven weeks gestation in the maternal grandmother); a commensurate and immeasurable twine of psychogenetic
ancestral memories; the prenate's own "baggage" from pre-conception; the experience of the conception itself; the phenomenology of implantation; and the whole duration of the gestation period; all together form layers of affect in this self-forging process.