psychoanalytic psychotherapy


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Related to psychoanalytic psychotherapy: Psychodynamic psychotherapy

psychotherapy

 [si″ko-ther´ah-pe]
any of a number of related techniques for treating mental illness by psychologic methods. These techniques are similar in that they all rely mainly on establishing a relationship between the therapist and the patient as a means of developing the patient's insight into the motivation behind his or her behavior. On occasion, drugs may be used, but only in order to make this communication easier.
Forms of Psychotherapy. Perhaps the best known form of psychotherapy is psychoanalysis, the technique developed by Dr. Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis attempts, through free association and dream interpretation, to reveal and resolve the unconscious conflicts that are at the root of mental illness.

Closely related to psychoanalysis is analytically oriented therapy, or “brief therapy.” This uses some of the techniques of psychoanalysis, but tends to concentrate on the patient's present-life difficulties rather than on the unconscious roots of these difficulties.

One widely used technique is group therapy. Six to ten patients meet regularly to discuss their problems under the guidance of a group therapist. Group therapy is based on the principle of transference—that is, a patient tends to react to others in terms of his childhood attitudes toward family members. During group therapy, he may react to one member of the group as a hated rival brother, and to another as a dominating mother. In the give-and-take of discussion, he will begin to recognize the distortions in these reactions, and to see similar distortions in his day-to-day relationships with other people. Group therapy may be combined with individual therapy. Group therapy can help reduce the cost to each patient. It is also widely used in mental health centers, where it has helped relieve the great shortage of trained therapists.

Adjunctive therapy, such as occupational therapy and music therapy, is helpful in relieving tensions and emotional problems that are associated with a feeling of uselessness. Psychodrama, in which patients act out fantasies or real-life situations, may provide a means of communication for patients who are not capable of expressing their problem by speech.

Play therapy is a form of psychotherapy adapted to children. It is very difficult to induce an emotionally disturbed or even a normal child to talk about his problems. Play therapy provides an alternative. Children reveal themselves when they play with toys provided by the therapist and act out their fantasies. The therapist helps them “get things out of their system,” accepting them warmly as they are, and guiding them toward a solution to their problems. Since these are closely related to the way children are treated at home, play therapy is usually combined with some form of therapy for the parents. Family group therapy, in which the entire family meets regularly with the therapist, can be particularly effective.

Cognitive therapy is based on the idea that a person's feelings and behavior result from that person's perceptions of the world and that psychological disturbances result from faulty ways of thinking. The therapist is active in helping the patient to restructure his or her distorted perceptions, using a combination of verbal and behavior modification techniques.
brief psychotherapy psychotherapy limited to a preagreed number of sessions, generally 10 to 20, or termination date. It is usually active and directive, and often oriented toward a specific problem or symptom.
psychoanalytic psychotherapy psychoanalysis (def. 3).

psy·cho·an·a·lyt·ic psy·cho·ther·a·py

psychotherapy using freudian principles.
See also: psychoanalysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
In order to leverage this discussion, it seems necessary to test through empirical studies some of the potential harms and benefits of psychological assessment related to psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
Beth Brokaw has been a spiritual mentor/pastor par excellence to a group of psychologists who practice psychoanalytic psychotherapy and who organized into the Society for the Exploration of Psychoanalytic Therapies and Theology following the CAPS convention in Philadelphia in 2007.
Development of an autonomous sense of self, identity, personality, and free choice of one's behavior as expression of that autonomous self is the goal of psychoanalytic psychotherapy, and Spero has looked toward the patient's developing an autonomous religiosity and relationship to God.
They have also made the practice of psychoanalytic psychotherapy less rigid, making it more attractive to psychotherapists not practicing classic psychoanalysis.
She stayed on for 22 years, until her death in 1957, to practice and teach the techniques of psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
Q methodology and the subjective science of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Paper presented at the Third Conference of the North American Society for Psychotherapy Research, Tucson, AZ.
The second section looks at promoting diversity with a research article on issues about color, human movement, and number of responses in the Zullinger test; two research articles; and a case study of the psychoanalytic psychotherapy of patients with borderline personality disorder with follow-up by the Rorschach.
Alignment Therapy Psychodynamic or psychoanalytic psychotherapy. 2.
The clarity and depth of this book make it an invaluable resource for practitioners providing depth-oriented psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Each chapter makes an important contribution.
In Brazil, psychoanalytic psychotherapy does not occur in a systematic way and it is limited to private practices.
One such format is psychoanalytic psychotherapy, an offshoot of psychoanalysis.