psychoactive drug

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psychoactive drug

Substance abuse An agent that provides pleasure or ameliorates pain, and may cause physical dependence and tolerance, with a tendency to ↑ dose in order to achieve the same effect; use of non-prescribed psychoactive agents may be 'social' or casual, or evolve into frank addiction; in descending order of addictive potential cocaine/'crack', amphetamines, opiates, nicotine, alcohol, benzodiazepine, barbiturates, cannabis, hallucinogens, caffeine Therapeutics An agent that improves the ability to function appropriately in clinical settings–eg, psych ward, nursing home Types Antidepressants–eg, desipramine, nortryptyline, antipsychotics–eg, haloperidol, thioridazine, benzodiazepines–eg, lorazepam, diazepam, and other hypnotics–eg, diphenhydramine

psy·cho·ac·tive drug

(sīkō-aktiv drŭg)
Pharmacotherapeutic agent that possesses action to alter mood, behavior, cognitive processes, or mental stress.
References in periodicals archive ?
The age composition in both sites but especially in Central District was somewhat "skewed" towards the older groups, among whom youth psychoactive substance use can be expected to be more likely (World Health Organization, 2000a: 181).
The consumption of psychoactive substances takes place in a defined political, organizational or societal context.
Lefebvre (2015) suggested that the Psychoactive Substances Act (2016) include the "use of drugs is an evil to eradicate, thanks to hard laws efficiently enforced" (Lefebvre 2015, p.
This study found that curiosity, peer pressure and emotional problems were the main reasons for children engaging in psychoactive substance abuse.
These include psychotherapy and medication-assisted therapy for individuals, and addressing the structural drivers of continued psychoactive substance use.
Authorities call them "new psychoactive substances" but they're also known as legal highs and in this case the name is appropriate.
The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) was the fastest to react - positively - to the European Commission's proposal to tackle the "boom" of synthetic drugs, mood enhancers that give legal highs', including psychoactive substances that imitate the effects of ecstasy or cocaine.
These examples demonstrate that what makes a psychoactive substance a medicine seems to have as much to do with vested economic or political interests as it has with historically grounded or scientifically informed evidence of therapeutic value.
Macedonian citizens have so far complained about live organisms and algae in water, dyed bread, fish with arsenic and mercury, zinc in eggs, pesticides in coking salt, a forbidden psychoactive substance in coffee, wheat with lead and heavy metals, cadmium in vegetables, fungus in pudding powder, insects in flour, hair in food, etc.
Table 1 shows the prevalence of illegal psychoactive substances consumption sometime in the life, in the last year and in the last month, showing that 14.6% of the participants have consumed any psychoactive substance sometime in their life, 9.2% mentioned having consumed in the last year, and 6.4% in the last month.
Abstract--The psychoactive substance 4-HO-MET (4-hydroxy-N-methyl-N-ethyltryptamine) with psychedelic qualities is one of many legal so-called Internet drugs.
Illicit psychoactive substance use, abuse, and dependence are major public health problems.