In the case of Chekhov's characters, their various fears are clear signs of functional disorders, named psychasthenia
by Janet in 1903.
Clinical Scales: Hypochondriasis (Hs), Depression (D), Hysteria (Hy), Psychopathic Deviate (Pd), Paranoia (Pa), Psychasthenia
(Pt), Schizophrenia (Sc), Hypomania (Ma), Social Introversion (Si).
(21) Roger Caillois (translated by John Shepley), 'Mimicry and Legendary Psychasthenia
', October, 31 (Winter 1984), p.
Throughout this historical development, fatigue has been linked to numerous terms: asthenia, anergy, fatigue, tiredness, exhaustion, apathy, inertia, boredom, weakness, psychasthenia
, pusillanimity, laxity, or vulnerability.
Analysis of the average results of SMQP test indicates that prior to the rehabilitation the most pronounced deviations were detected in the scales of neurotic triad (1st, 2nd, 3rd) and the scale of psychasthenia
The clinical scales in MMPI-2 are scale 1 (Hs, hypochondria), scale 2 (D, depression), scale 3 (Hy, hysteria), scale 4 (Pd, psychopathic deviate), scale 5 (Mf, masculine-feminine interests), scale 6 (Pa, paranoia), scale 7 (Pt, psychasthenia
), scale 8 (Sc, schizophrenia), scale 9 (Ma, mania), and scale 10 (Si, social introversion/extroversion).
In general, Kruskal-Wallis analyses revealed significant differences (P < 0.01) between high- and low-PMQ scores in the following clinical scales: STAI-trait anxiety, BDI-total score, PRSS catastrophizing, MMPI hypochondriasis, MMPI depression, MMPI psychopathic deviate, MMPI Paranoia, MMPI psychasthenia
, and MMPI Schizophrenia.
In the Normative Aging Study, anxiety characteristics such as psychasthenia
, social introversion, phobia, manifest anxiety, and overall anxiety were associated with relative risk increases ranging from 1.31 to 1.43 for MI in older men.
(50) Roger Caillois and John Shepley, 'Mimicry and Legendary Psychasthenia
', October 31 (1984), pp.
The scores on three clinical scales were only slightly elevated: Hypochondria (T=72), Depression (T=74) and Psychasthenia
(anxiety and obsessive-compulsive symptoms--T=78).
Some authors (17) administered the MMPI to a sample similar to that of PLKD and found that men had a more anxious profile (psychasthenia
) and women had higher scores on social isolation.
Inverse correlation between morning plasma cortisol levels and MMPI psychasthenia
and depression scale scores in victims of mobbing with adjustment disorders.