The reasons that can lead to a secondary breast reduction surgery include insufficient volume excision at the first surgery, development of pseudoptosis
due to breast deformity, or recurrence of macromastia.
An atypical case of tularemia presented with pseudoptosis
. Infection 2014; 42:785.
This phenomenon, which is known as a silent sinus syndrome (SSS), is characterized by progressive enophthalmos, hypoglobus, and pseudoptosis
with deepening of the superior sulcus .
Normal: areola above the inframammary fold (IMF) and above the gland contour; Grade I: areola at the IMF and above the gland contour; Grade II: areola below the IMF and above the gland contour; Grade III: areola below the IMF and below the gland contour; Pseudoptosis
: areola at the IMF with glandular ptosis; Parenchymal Maldistribution: areola at the IMF with loose, hypoplastic glandular skin.
can be simulated in a small globe due to injury or inflammation resulting in an abnormal shape, as in pthisis bulbi or due to ipsilateral hypotropia.
(or ptosis), which involves a reduction in the opening of the upper eyelid with a normal levator muscle, is rarely reported in TAO patients.[sup],, In this article, we reported three cases of unilateral pseudoptosis
due to inflammation of the levator in the contralateral eye.
mechanical, post-inflammatory and pseudoptosis
were excluded from this study.
Twelve patients had true ptosis and 5 had pseudoptosis
. In only one patient ptosis was not present.
Correction of ptosis or pseudoptosis
in congenital double elevator palsy by either extraocular muscle or lid surgery.
Conditions may make an upper eyelid appear low (pseudoptosis
), including a hypertropia on the contralateral side, microphthalmos, blepharochalasis, phthisis bulbi, dermatochala-sis, or a superior sulcus defect secondary to trauma or cicatrix.
At 6 years of age she had microcephaly, mental retardation, strabismus, pseudoptosis
, and a cerebellar syndrome.
Incidence of earlobe ptosis and pseudoptosis
in patients seeking facial rejuvenation surgery and effects of aging.