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inflammation of the small intestine and colon.
antibiotic-associated enterocolitis that in which treatment with antibiotics alters the bowel flora and results in diarrhea or pseudomembranous enterocolitis. See also antibiotic-associated colitis.
hemorrhagic enterocolitis enterocolitis characterized by hemorrhagic breakdown of the intestinal mucosa, with inflammatory cell infiltration.
necrotizing enterocolitis the development of necrotic patches in the intestine that interfere with digestion and absorption; see also necrotizing enterocolitis.
pseudomembranous enterocolitis an acute inflammation of the bowel mucosa, with the formation of pseudomembranous plaques, usually associated with antimicrobial therapy. See also pseudomembranous colitis.
enterocolitis with the formation and passage of pseudomembranous material in the stools; occurs most commonly as a sequel to antibiotic therapy; caused by a necrolytic exotoxin made by Clostridium difficile.