pseudomembranous


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pseudomembranous

[-mem′brənəs]
describing a false membrane, as occurs in diphtheria.

pseu·do·mem·bra·nous

(sū'dō-mem'bră-nŭs)
Relating to or marked by the presence of a false membrane.

pseudomembrane

(soo?do-mem'bran) [? + L. membrana, membrane]
A leaf- or shelf-like exudate made of inflammatory debris and fibrin that may form on epithelial surfaces, e.g., in colitis caused by Clostridium difficile, or the pharyngitis caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
Synonym: neomembranepseudomembranous, adjective

pseudomembranous

pertaining to or emanating from pseudomembrane.

pseudomembranous colitis
see pseudomembranous colitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Possible foodborne transmission in a case of pseudomembranous colitis due to Clostridium difficile: influence of gastrointestinal secretions on Clostridium difficile infection.
In addition to the nonspecific measures used to correct and prevent fluid, electrolyte, and nutritional imbalances, all persons with bloody and watery chronic diarrhea (including those with pseudomembranous colitis) and 5 of the 15 patients with mild chronic diarrhea (10 were lost to follow-up) were treated with ofloxacin (800 mg/day) or ceftriaxone (2 g/day), based on the results of antimicrobial susceptibility testing.
It is commonly associated with antibiotic use and the life-threatening complications include pseudomembranous colitis, toxic megacolon, perforation of the colon and death.
Oral candidias is and its pseudomembranous, angular cheilitis, erythematous and oropharyngeal variants were reported in most studies (1,2,16,17,19).
Q1: Drug of choice for tissue amoebiasis; Q3: Antiamoebic drug interaction with ethanol; Q4: Type of drug interaction seen with Q3; Q5: Luminal amoebicidal agent; Q6: Drug of choice for Pseudomembranous colitis; Q7: Chloroquine indications; Q8: Antiamoebic drug causing subacute myelo-optic neuropathy; Q9: Drug for resistance extra-intestinal amoebiasis; Q10: Mechanism of action of metronidazole Table 2: Pre- and post-test response among male Questions Correct responses Two-tailed P value n(%) Pretest Post-test Q1.
12) Pox and herpes viruses have been identified to cause pseudomembranous tracheitis.
Severe infection results in watery diarrhea multiple times per day, severe abdominal cramping, colitis, pseudomembranous colitis, and in rare cases, toxic megacolon.
difficile/Epi, Cepheid, Sunnyvale CA) in stools, or an endoscopic image consistent with pseudomembranous colitis.
One patient sustained severe diarrhea caused by pseudomembranous colitis on day 12 during postoperative rehabilitation.
Oral teicoplanin has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of pseudomembranous colitis and Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea with comparable efficacy to vancomycin.
Pseudomembranous colitis secondary to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
if patient is tolerating oral feed; and is not septic) rather than IV administration as there is some data to suggest that IV antibiotics pose a greater risk of development of pseudomembranous colitis than their oral counterparts.