Because NTM are common in the environment and resistant to commonly used disinfectants, they can be present in nonsterile patient material such as sputum and contaminated medical equipment (bronchoscope washers or samples in the laboratory) and consequently cause pseudoinfection
Differentiating true infection from pseudoinfection
is of paramount importance because treatment of M.
Several nosocomial outbreaks of infection or pseudoinfection
have been attributed to this organism after cardiac surgery, bacteremia associated with hemodialysis, and pseudoinfections
due to contaminated bronchoscopes (9).
Many outbreaks of infection or pseudoinfection
occur through lack of prevention measures and ignorance of the source and transmission of opportunistic pathogens.
The reprocessor can also be disinfected automatically to prevent infection or pseudoinfection