pseudodementia

pseudodementia

 [soo″do-dĕ-men´shah]
a disorder resembling dementia but not due to organic brain disease and is potentially reversible by treatment; one form is the depressive symptoms seen in some older adults.

pseu·do·de·men·ti·a

(sū'dō-dē-men'shē-ă),
A condition resembling dementia but usually due to a depressive disorder rather than brain dysfunction.

pseudodementia

Neurology Dementia-like Sx due to psychologic impairment–eg, depression or histrionic episode, characterized by cognitive impairment of short duration, with preserved attention and ability to concentrate, and a variable performance in tests with similar levels of difficulty; it is often transient, common in the elderly and may be linked to medications–anticholinergics, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, butyrophenones, corticosteroids, digitalis, IMAOs, TCAs or due to depression–with physical and emotional deprivation, accompanied by apathy, akinesia and anxiety; pseudodementia also occurs in normal pressure hydrocephalus, Creutzfeldt-Jakob, Huntington's, Parkinson's, Pick's, Wilson's diseases, and endocrinopathy. Cf Cerebral pseudoatrophy, Dementia.

pseu·do·de·men·ti·a

(sū'dō-dĕ-men'shē-ă)
A condition resembling dementia but usually due to a depressive disorder rather than brain dysfunction.

pseudodementia

Severe depression in an elderly person that mimics DEMENTIA. About 10% of those assumed to be demented are, in fact, suffering from a treatable depression that may respond well to antidepressant drugs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pseudodementia is a type of severe depression that occurs mostly in the elderly.
During the first hospitalization, these changes were interpreted as Pseudodementia in a 65-year-old woman, who had persistent depressed mood that had not responded to multiple antidepressants (probably due to therapeutic noncompliance) and mild cognitive impairment.
By the completion of training, neuropsychiatry trainees should be competent in assessing and treating most of the above disorders, including their atypical presentations such as psychosis, 'pseudodementia', 'masked' depression, 'conversion' disorders and behavioural disorders.
The term "pseudodementia" has been used since 1961 to describe signs of dementia in a patient with any psychiatric illness, (16) but it has since been refined to apply solely to depression.
In the old days, we used to talk about this notion of pseudodementia, in which the more severe depression could give the appearance of cognitive impairment of dementia, but I think more recent longitudinal data suggest that depression can uncover or reveal an impending dementiform illness maybe 5 or 10 years before it clinically manifests.
Pseudodementia is a phenomenon seen in older adults (15).
(9) Cognitive dysfunction in a depressed patient with MS might appear as pseudodementia, but other possible diagnoses include:
(3,4) Cognitive impairment has been considered an accompanying symptom of depression and presents a clinical picture that resembles dementia (pseudodementia).
More substantial evidence links various solvent exposures to other neurological conditions, including cognitive impairments, neuropathy, and what is sometimes called "pseudodementia," when temporary neurological dysfunction produces symptoms similar to those of dementia.
Depression could lead to cognitive decline, a phenomenon also known as pseudodementia, but also impairment of cognition could be one of the first symptoms/criteria of depression.
Ascertain the degree of cognitive impairment by administering the MMSE, [12] which was designed to distinguish dementia from depressive pseudodementia. While one or two mistakes are allowed, the nature of these mistakes is of importance (e.g.