In all, 71% (95% confidence interval = 69%-74%) of persons swallowed the MDA tablets, according to their own or a proxy respondent
Logistic regression analyses explored the relationship between alcohol consumption variables and an outcome of BDDs (Table I), controlling for potential confounders such as the use of a proxy respondent
(versus the biological mother) and the age of the child (model 1), and also including the gender of the child (model 2).
6%) also needed a proxy respondent
to complete the interview.
We measure physical limitations as: 1) a count of the total number of ADL limitations faced by the elder, and 2) an indicator of whether the elder needs assistance most or all of the time with getting in or out of bed (including being bedfast) or getting around inside his or her house* We measure cognitive impairment as a survey report of Alzheimer's disease, mental retardation, senility, or "mental problems" as the reason for having a proxy respondent
to one or more sections of the interview.
If the subject was deceased or alive but incapacitated, a slightly modified version of the subject questionnaire was administered to a proxy respondent
. For individuals who had died in the period between the NHANES I index interview and the follow-up interview, information from death certificates was recorded.
Keywords: activities of daily living proxy respondent
, data collection methods, dementia, caregivers
First, the tailored approach sought to connect directly with the proxy respondent
rather than with the patient.
The diary portion of the survey is intended to capture items that are frequently purchased and might not be recalled accurately over a long period of time, in addition to more sensitive items and items that a proxy respondent
may not know for other CU members.
For children aged [less than]18 years, a knowledgeable adult family member, usually a parent, acts as a proxy respondent
. Before 1997, one sixth of NHIS-sampled households were asked about chronic respiratory conditions, including asthma (approximately 4500 children in most years).
For people with cognitive impairment or various other health problems, a shortened questionnaire was used in an interview with a proxy respondent
A study of a computer-administered survey found that, across four expenditure categories, approximately 60 percent of the reports by the target person were in agreement with the proxy respondent
's report that an expenditure had been made.