proximate cause


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prox·i·mate cause

the immediate cause that precipitates a condition.

proximate cause

Etymology: L, proximus, nearest
a legal concept of cause-and-effect relationships in determining, for example, whether an injury would have resulted from a particular cause.

proximate cause

Malpractice An element required to prove negligence; the plaintiff–Pt or Pt's estate must prove that the Pt's injury is reasonably connected to the physician's action, through either the 'but for' test or the 'substantial factor' test. See 'But for' test, Negligence, 'Substantial factor' test.

proximate cause (prok´səmit),

n one that directly produces an effect; that which in ordinary, natural sequence produces a specific result with no agencies intervening.
References in periodicals archive ?
First, a proximate cause standard should be adopted because it is most consistent with the statutory language.
Comparative fault appropriately addresses the issue of proximate cause and the apportionment of damages for which each party is responsible.
Many of the cases to be discussed speak of proximate cause in the
A proximate cause is a cause which, in a natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by a new cause, produces an injury, illness, disease, or death and without which the injury, illness, disease, or death would not have occurred.
81) Andrews posited that proximate cause was not so limited.
To analyze causation issues systematically, one has to identify factual cause issues separately from proximate cause issues.
10) Research suggests that these two biases, working in tandem, considerably undermine people's ability to judge the foreseeability of events in hindsight accurately (11)--a task required of juries and judges in determining the guilt of felony murder defendants via the proximate cause theory.
The proximate cause of these losses was not profligate spending but prudent accounting.
There, the court held that where the sole proximate cause of an accident is found to be the worker's own negligence, and there is no evidence of any violation of the safety requirements, Scaffold Law liability would not apply.
Supreme Court, however, unanimously ruled that ERISA completely pre-empts the plaintiffs' state law claims, and the high court judges noted that under ERISA if an HMO concludes that a particular treatment isn't covered under the terms of the plan, its "denial of coverage would not be a proximate cause of any injuries arising from the denial.
The first holds that the crashworthiness doctrine must be viewed through the prism of traditional tort principles--such as proximate cause and the doctrine of subsequent tortfeasors--and that these principles mandate the application of comparative fault.
NEW ORLEANS -- Subclinical urinary tract infection may be an important proximate cause of acute coronary syndromes.